Medals, Decorations and Orders

The difference between Medals, Decorations and Orders is subtle, yet distinct. Calgary Highlanders have been rewarded for their service both while serving with the Regiment directly, while attached to other units, and of course after leaving the Regiment for other duties. One Calgary Highlander has even reached the highest possible military rank in the land, that of General, when A.J.G.D. DeChastelain was appointed Chief of the Defence Staff, and in fact served for an unprecedented two terms of office.

The Canadian military issued British awards almost exclusively up to 1967, when a Canadian honours system was instituted to replace some of the former awards with those of Canadian design.

Order: dating back to ancient fraternal orders, membership in modern orders is usually signified by insignia in the form of a distinctive medal and coloured ribbon. Membership is often organized into classes. The most widely recognized order in Canada is the appropriately named Order of Canada, to which one may be named a Companion, Officer, or Member. The military has its own order, the Order of Military Merit, to which several Calgary Highlanders have been admitted. Before the reorganization of the Canadian Honours system at the time of Unification of the Armed Forces and the Centennial anniversary of Confederation, admission into British Orders was not uncommon; before 1919 these sometimes carried with them the additional benefits of knighthood. After 1919, Canadians have generally been excluded from acceptance of British honours carrying with them titles and rank.

Decoration: taking the form of a medal and coloured ribbon, those designated as “decorations” are generally awarded for either bravery or exceptional merit, though some decorations (such as the Canadian Forces Decoration) may be awarded for long service and/or good conduct. While taking the form of a medal, certain

Medal: a metal medallion with coloured ribbon, medals are struck for many purposes; most commonly as insignia commemorating service in a particular theatre or campaign. Commemorative medals are often routinely struck and awarded according to varying criteria.

The Victoria Cross

ribbonvc.gif (1263 bytes)

The highest award for bravery in the British Commonwealth is the Victoria Cross. Of the 94 awards made to Canadians to date, two are claimed by The Calgary Highlanders. Both were awarded to 10th Battalion soldiers late in the First World War.

Acting Sergeant Arthur George Knight, VC

On 2 September 1918 at Villers-les-Cagnicourt, France, Acting Sergeant Knight was leading a bombing section forward.  When the section was held up, he went forward alone, killing several enemy machine gunners and trench mortar crews with his bayonet.  The enemy was forced to retire, and Knight brought forward a Lewis Gun crew and directed fire on the retreating enemy.  When his platoon went in pursuit of the survivors, Knight observed thirty enemy soldiers descend into a tunnel.  He once again went forward alone, killing an officer and two NCOs, and taking twenty Germans prisoner.  He likewise routed yet another party of enemy troops, and was eventually fatally wounded. Sergeant Knight is buried at Dominion Cemetery, France. His medal is in the possession of the Glenbow Museum in Calgary. The full text of his Victoria Cross Citation may be viewed on the Virtual Museum Tour portion of this website.

knight.jpg (10101 bytes)Originally born in Haywards Heath, Sussex,England on 26 June 1886, he lived and worked as a carpenter in Regina, Saskatchewan where he was attested on 19 December 1914. A plaque has been erected at his former residence, 1843 Rae St, which is attached to an older apartment block. Additionally, two streets have been named in his honour, Knight and Sussex Crescents which are located in Coventry Park, a subdivision in west central Regina that was developed just after the Second World War. Coventry Park was named for the English cathedral city devastated by German bombers. Photo at right appears at the Canadian Virtual War Memorial; the caption indicates that Sergeant Knight “was a former member of the Church Lads’ Brigade at St. Mary Magdalene, Reigate, Company No. 2015.”knight2.jpg (7594 bytes)

Private Harry W. Brown, VC

Private Harry Brown was just nineteen years old when he earned his Victoria Cross.  On 16 August 1917 at Hill 70, near Loos, France, the Tenth Battalion had just captured an enemy position when the enemy massed and counter-attacked in force.   As all signal wires were cut, Private Brown and another soldier were ordered to carry messages back “at all costs.” The other messenger was killed and Private Brown was seriously injured by enemy fire.   He reached friendly headquarters with a shattered arm, and gasped out “Important Message” before collapsing.  He died of his wounds, and his actions were credited for saving many Allied lives.  He is buried in Noeux-les-Mines Communal Cemetery, France.  His medal is held by the Canadian War Museum. The full text of his Victoria Cross Citation may be viewed on the Virtual Museum Tour portion of this website.

Honourable Mention – Lance Corporal George William Allan, DCM

During the epic stand of the Tenth Battalion near Locality C during the fighting at St. Julien in April 1915, an eight man Colt machine gun team under Lance Corporal George Allan was dispatched to reinforce the 2nd (Eastern Ontario) Battalion. Lieutenant William Doxsee’s platoon, down to 15 men, welcomed the arrivals at 6:00 am on the morning of the 23rd and the MG crew set up in a farm building dubbed “Doxsee’s House”, just east of Kitcheners’ Wood, seventy five yards ahead of the 2nd Battalions main battle positions. Only a hundred yards away, the Germans – it seemed like thousands of them – were digging in behind a row of hedges.

The Colt machine gun was carefully camouflaged in the badly damaged house, and the Tenth Battalion men opened fire on the enemy from loopholes in the walls of the farmhouse. The men held out for the rest of the day and night, consuming what little food and water they had quickly. Just after dawn on the 24th, the Germans launched several attacks – at least a half a dozen seperate rushes. Lieutenant Doxsee refused to leave, telling his men he had been ordered to “hold the house at all cost.” Only the most seriously wounded were allowed to leave the house. German small arms fire kept the defenders under cover, and they could only move by crawling on their bellies. Lieutenant Doxsee was finally struck in the head by a bullet and killed at mid-day.

The Colt machine gun, saved to surprise the Germans, proved invaluable during the German attacks, moving from the upstairs loft to the ground floor alternately, and despite occasionally jamming on the British made ammunition it was provided with. Lance Corpora Allan coolly kept the gun operating, and German casualties also mounted with each new attack. Reinforcements arrived in the form of a second MG crew from the 4th Battalion, but Allan’s luck ran out when a German bullet went clear through his head.

19616 Lance Corporal George William Allan was recommended for the Victoria Cross, and was instead awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal – posthumously. He has no known grave, and his name is carved into the Menin Gate, memorializing 55,000 Commonwealth soldiers killed in the Ypres Salient whose bodies either disappeared without a trace or were rendered unidentifiable.

Honourable Mention – Captain Charles Costigan, DSO, MC

On 17 November 1915, two battalions of the CEF launched a major raid against German trenches. Captain Costigan, of the Tenth Battalion, was selected to lead one of the two raiding parties. Costigan trained his thirty-five men intensively, and after several days of bombardment on the enemy trenches, the party set off just after midnight, carrying a small wooden bridge to help cross over a stream in No Man’s Land. Arriving within 15 feet of the enemy trench, they found that the enemy wire had not been completely cut by the artillery. Silently, the cut their way through the wire without alerting the Germans so close by. Costigan and another officer went forward, and attempting yo supporting themselves on what they thought was a solid platform on the parapet of the trench, tumbled instead through the flimsy support and into the trench on top of three German sentries. The two officers recovered quickly, shooting two of the Germans dead and wounding the third in the leg as he scrambled away shouting for help.

Germans began pouring into the adjacent stretches of trench, but by this time the men under Costigan had arrived and blocked both ends of their target trench, keeping up a rain of bombs on the enemy trying to move to assist. Within their section, the Canadians used the bayonet to good effect on men coming out of the dugouts and thirty-five Germans were killed, with 12 prisoners taken. Twenty minutes later, with bombs thrown down the dugouts for good measure, the raiding party had finished its work and returned to Canadian lines. One man had been accidentally killed and another slightly injured.

Captain Costigan was recommended for the Victoria Cross for this action, and instead received the Distinguished Service Order.

Honourable Mention – Sergeant Clarence Crockett, DCM

crockett.jpg (6891 bytes)

Sergeant Clarence “Ken” Crockett volunteered for overseas service in 1943 after extensive service as an instructor in Canada. Declining an officer’s commission in May 1944 he headed to the UK with a reinforcement draft, and arrived in Normandy as a Calgary Highlander reinforcement in mid-July. His bravery was made apparent at Tilly, his first real action, but it was in September where Crockett would gain regimental immortality.

In the early morning hours of 22 September 1944, Crockett led a small section-sized fighting patrol across the Albert Canal, sneaking across a damaged lock gate that was reduced to a single six-inch pipe with a thin wire handrail for the last eight feet. Crockett personally scouted the far side, removed a barbed wire obstacle, then engaged German sentries when flares revealed their position on the far bank. Killing one sentry with his Sten Gun, he silenced a German machinegun position shortly after, directed PIAT fire on a second MG, silencing it, and finally directing 2-inch mortar fire onto a third position.

Three hours after the patrol had set out, the headquarters of the 5th Brigade was informed that all of Crockett’s company had crossed the Albert Canal.  The brigadier was so pleased by this feat of arms, that a recommendation for the Victoria Cross was made.  The recommendation was approved by the 2nd Canadian Division, II Canadian Corps, and First Canadian Army, but the commander of 21st Army Group, one General Bernard Law Montgomery, rejected the award in favour of a Distinguished Conduct Medal instead.

Crockett’s war ended on 23 October 1944, during the fighting west of Hoogerheide, when a German sniper put a bullet in his leg.  Crockett passed away in Crossfield in November 2002 at the age of 83.

Order of Military Merit

The Order of Military Merit was instituted in 1971 as part of the new Canadian Honours System. Membership in the order is awarded for “conspicuous merit and exceptional service by members of the Canadian Armed Forces, both Regular and Reserve.” There are three grades, Commander (the highest), Officer, and Member. The three grades carry post-nominal letters; CMM, OMM and MMM respectively.

The Constitution of the Order limits the number of appointments per year for all three levels combined to one-tenth of one percent of the average number of persons who were members of the Canadian Forces during the previous year. For example, in 1997 110 appointments were made. The award is thus extremely prestigious.

Officer of the Order of Military Merit (OMM)

The Grade of Officer has been traditionally been limited to commissioned officers in the grade of Major, Lieutenant Colonel, or Colonel (in the Army).

By the spring of 2003, there had been just 858 appointments at the Officer level of the Order since the inception of the award in 1972. At least one Calgary Highlander has been admitted to the order in this level.

Lieutenant Colonel J Lynn Moffatt, OMM, CD

ribbonmmm.gif (1247 bytes) Member of the Order of Military Merit (MMM)

The Grade of Member has been traditionally been limited to Non-Commissioned Members, and Commissioned Members up to the rank (in the Army) of Captain.

By the spring of 2003, there had been just 1,999 appointments at the Member level of the Order since the inception of the award in 1972.  At least four Calgary Highlanders have been admitted to the order in this level while serving as Calgary Highlanders.

Master Warrant Officer Don Maxwell, MMM, CD
Don Maxwell returned to the Calgary Highlanders as Pipe Major in 1977 after a brief two year absence. While engaged full time in civilian employment with PanCanadian Petroleum (a company with over 1,100 employees) as Comptroller, Pipe Major Maxwell took over a band that had been reactivated in 1975 after being reduced to nil strength in 1969. The band grew to become the largest pipe band in Calgary under the new leadership and won many awards and competitions. He was rewarded for his service by being awarded the MMM in 1983.

Chief Warrant Officer Martin McCumber, MMM, CD
Chief Warrant Officer A Sanofsky, MMM, CD
Chief Warrant Officer William Toews, MMM, CD
Chief Warrant Officer Kent Griffiths, MMM, CD
Chief Warrant Officer Chris Tucker, MMM, CD

Honourable Mentions: Calgary Highlanders who have been admitted to the Order after moving on from their duties within the Regiment have included:

General AJGD de Chastelain, OC, CMM, CH, CD

General John de Chastelain joined the Calgary Highlanders Pipes and Drums as a Private in January 1956, and in September of that year transferred to the Regular Army, graduating Royal Military College in 1960 and commissioning into the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry. By September 1989 he had achieved the highest possible rank in the Canadian Armed Forces – General – and was named to the highest military appointment in the land, Chief of Defence Staff. Made an Officer of the Order of Canada and a Companion of Honour (a British award), he was also named a Commander in the Order of Military Merit. General de Chastelain, while serving as CDS, paraded once again with the Calgary Highlanders Pipes and Drums in June 1990 during the Presentation of Queen’s Colour by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Officer of the Order of Military Merit

Brigadier General GJP O’Brien OMM, MSC, CD

Beginning his career as a reserve soldier in 1973, he served with 1 Montreal Militia Service Battalion, and The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment).  Later he joined The Calgary Highlanders and achieved the rank of Corporal.  After a UN tour in the Golan Heights, he moved from Calgary to London Ontario and transferred to 4 RCR where he received his commission. Serving in virtually every position in the Battalion, he was given the honour of carrying the Colours at the Royal Canadian Regiment Centennial Trooping of the Colours and eventually became Commanding Officer.

Subsequent to his duty as Commanding Officer of the Infantry Battle Group in 1998, he became Deputy Commander 31 Canadian Brigade Group.  In 2001, he was promoted to Colonel and appointed as Brigade Commander.  Following his unique command of 3 Light Brigade Group at Exercise Stalwart Guardian 2003 he rapidly ascended to the Assistant Chief of Staff Operations at LFCA HQ, was promoted to his current rank in 2005 and was appointed as Deputy Commander Land Force Central Area.

In 2006 he deployed to Afghanistan for nine months where he served as the Deputy Commanding General, Political Military Integration, in the Coalition Headquarters of Combined Security Transition Command – Afghanistan. This was the first time that a Reserve General had ever been deployed into an operational theater. Appointed as the senior NATO Liaison Officer for the Command, he was responsible for the Coalition efforts in reform of the Afghan National Police as well as Political Military Integration and was recognized for his meritorious service by the US, Afghan, and Canadian forces.

Upon his return to Canada he was selected as Director General Land Reserve and is now Chief of Staff Land Reserve.  In this crucial position, BGen O’Brien has made many important advances for the Land Reserves including his concept of Army Reserve Transformation to align with the Army.  He led the integration of the Communication Reserves and Canadian Rangers into the Army and has revitalized the Army Reserves as a whole.

midoakleaf.gif (2013 bytes) Mention in Despatches

 

 
Throughout the history of the British Army, commanders in the field wrote back to higher authority to keep them informed – these messages were known as “despatches” and informed the higher authority – the Monarch or other superior officer – of the progress of their campaigns.   These messages also mentioned officers and soldiers who had carried out specific acts of gallantry or periods of distinguished service. To be so mentioned was to have been “Mentioned in Despatches.” Initially, only formation commanders, unit commanders, and senior staff officers were recognized in this manner.

From the 1840s, non-commissioned officers also began to be recognized. The despatches were routinely published in the London Gazette, sometimes as simple lists of names, other times with more detailed descriptions of the actions being recognizedHowever, up to the Great War, being mentioned in a despatch did not result in the officer or soldier receiving any visible mark or certificate to show that he had been mentioned, and the mention itself was considered the honour.

While a Mention in Despatches had often been used to provide the basis for the award of higher honours in conflicts dating back to the Crimea, by 1918 so many men had been Mentioned in Despatches that it was felt a more tangible sign of recognition was in order. After he Armistice in November 1918 it was therefore decided to issue a small bronze insignia consisting of a branch of oak leaves to any officer or soldier who had been so mentioned.  After the Victory Medal was issued, the bronze oak leaves of the Mention in Despatches were worn on the ribbon of that medal. Some 5,500 Canadians had been Mentioned in Despatches in the First World War.

By the time of the Second World War, this method of recognition was still in place, though the leaves had been modified to a single oak leaf.  As the war went on, Mentions in Despatches could be given out for a variety of reasons.  If a soldier was nominated for a medal, but higher authority felt that the deeds he performed were not up to the standards expected for that medal, he might be granted a Mention in Despatches instead.   Other situations arose where “periodic awards” were granted on a quota basis.  Commanders would then put forward names of soldiers they felt worthy (again, perhaps those soldiers refused bravery medals from earlier dates may have been considered for Mentions in Despatches in this manner).

At war’s end, a cut-off date was put in place for awards, and many units polled their field officers for names of deserving recipients.   For this reason, there are often no accompanying citations for Mentions in Despatches, some 10,000 of which had been made between 1939 and 1945.

Mentions in Despatches during the Second World War were signified by wearing the oak leaf on the ribbon of the 1939-45 War Medal. Another 279 were made in Korea.

The Mention in Despatches fell into disuse under the modern Canadian Honours system instituted in the late 1960s, but was revived as the Canadian Mention in Despatches in 1990 as a national honour awarded on behalf of the reigning monarch. Recipient’s names are published in the Canada Gazette, and the bronze oak leaf is worn on the appropriate campaign or service medal. According to the Department of National Defence:

As of 10 February 2010, 277 Canadians have been Mentioned in Dispatches since 1990.  Although it is not an actual decoration or medal, the MID is a very significant recognition, because it is a national honour, emanating from the Head of State but perhaps more importantly, because its eligibility is limited to operational service in the field.  It is in many ways like a junior version of the Military Valour Decorations and this direct relation to combat in active operations gives this honour all of its prestige.

Shaded entries indicate posthumous awards.  Asterisks (*) are explained below the tables.

ribbon1418.gif (2118 bytes) First World War 1914-1918

 

Service Number Rank Name Date of Action Location of Action / Notes
Lieutenant Colonel Boyle, Russell Lambert Died of Wounds 25 Apr 1915
Lieutenant Colonel MacDonald, Eric Three separate awards
Lieutenant Colonel Ormond, Dan Two separate awards
Lieutenant Colonel Rattray, J.G. **
Major Ashton, E.J.
Major Bingham, William
Major Critchley, Walter
Major George, FitzRoy
Major MacDonald, Eric
Major MacLean, Archibald *
Major MacLaren, Joseph
Major Simpson, Joseph
Major Sparling, Walt
Major Thomson, Alexander
Major Walker, Phil **
Captain Arthur, Geoff
Captain Black, David
Captain Burbridge, Geoff
Captain Costigan, Charles Telford Two separate awards
minidso.gif (845 bytes) minimc.gif (849 bytes)
Also awarded the DSO and MC
Died 11 November 1917
Captain Craggs, George
Captain Ferguson, Hugh
Captain Miller, Jack
Captain Mitchell, William
Captain Robinson, Charles
Captain Thompson, William
Captain Virgo, Gordon
Lieutenant Feurt, Ralph
Lieutenant Greer, Byron
Lieutenant Graham, Gordon Two separate awards
Lieutenant Kent, Stanley
Lieutenant MacEachern, Norman Two separate awards
Lieutenant Rutherford, Thomas
Lieutenant Robertson, Stanley
Lieutenant Trimmer, Alfred
Lieutenant Younger, Lewis
Company Sergeant Major Baker, Herbert *
Company Sergeant Major Rayfield, Edmond *
Company Sergeant Major Toole, Archie
Sergeant Alderton, Walter *
Sergeant Budd, Arnold
Sergeant Burns, Robert
Sergeant Courtney, Arthur
Sergeant Cox, Sydney
Sergeant Duff, James
Sergeant Harrison, James *
Sergeant Higgins, Clyde *
Sergeant Jarvis, Herbert
Sergeant Martin, Arthur *
Sergeant McAndie, David

minimc.gif (849 bytes)

minidcm.gif (847 bytes)

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MC, DCM, and MM
Died 15 Aug 1918
Sergeant Milne, Edward
Sergeant Morrison, Charles
Sergeant Pitman, Ernest
Sergeant Waller, Richard
Sergeant Wilson, M
Lance Sergeant Palmer, John
Corporal Baker, William
Corporal Brook, John
Corporal Brookes, Ralph
Corporal Dale, Thomas
Corporal Evans, Victor
Corporal Hogg, James *
Corporal Menzies, William *
Corporal O’Rourke, David
19910 Corporal Ross, Thomas minidcm.gif (847 bytes) Died 3 Aug 1915
Also awarded the DCM
Corporal Schultz, Samuel
20378 Corporal Smith, Horatio Roy Died 26 Sep 1916
Corporal Smith, Ray Two separate awards
Corporal Underwood, Arthur
19616 Lance Corporal Allan, George minidcm.gif (847 bytes) Died 23 Apr 1915
Also awarded the DCM
Lance Corporal Browne, Ralph *
Lance Corporal King, William
Private Baxter, Thomas *
Private Bell, Thomas *
Private Bloxham, Charles
Private Butterworth, Harold *
Private Cox, Frank
Private Cutter, Charles *
Private Fitzgibbons, Gerald *
Private Harrison, Richard
Private Morrison, Thomas *
Private Sixby, Frank
18402 Private Tinkess, Albert James * Died 18 Aug 1917
Private Zuidema, Louis

 

* = “Brought to notice of Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered.”


ribbon3945waroakleaf.gif (1709 bytes) Second World War 1939-1945

 

Service Number Rank Name Date of Action Location of Action / Notes Link to Award Doc
NA Major Tennant, Mark

Awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 9 March 1946 and CARO/6431 dated 8 March 1946.

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

NA

Lieutenant

Kilpatrick, Vernon Francis

July 1944

Killed In Action July 1944
Award made Feb 1945

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

NA

Lieutenant

Ross, Robert Whitla

31 Mar 1945

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

M10712

Warrant Officer II Class

Larson, Harold Omar

Awarded 23 June 1945

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

M11342 Sergeant Lyster, William Leslie (“Bill”) 19 Aug 1942 Dieppe, France Link to award document
M10762 Sergeant Pittaway, Bertram (“Bert”) 19 Aug 1942 Dieppe, France Link to award document
M11617 Corporal MacIver, Donald Terry Awarded 3 Feb 1945 Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
M11154 Private Brown, Harry Awarded Oct 1944 Copy of service file
K48240 Private Kessler, Dewart Bowyer Awarded 3 Feb 1945 Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
M107139 Private Middlemiss, Edgar Francis Listed in one source as a Queen’s Own Cameron Highlander.  Award made 3 Feb 1945.  Service number is from Alberta. Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
M31028 Private Kublick, Ferdinand Awarded 23 June 1945
Also received the Commander-in-Chief’s Certificate for Gallantry.
Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
K49288 Private Patriquin, Clarence Gorley Awarded 31 March 1945
Also awarded the Military Medal.
Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
F32491 Private Sampson, Alonzo Joseph

Awarded March 1946

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

M12024 Private Stokke, Einar

Awarded posthumously; Private Stokke was later discovered to be a prisoner of war in Germany.

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

 

 


Afghanistan 2001-2014
Rank Name Date of Action Location of Action / Notes
Major Cox, Simon 28 July 2008

Citation: “On July 28th 2008, the lead element of a joint Canadian-Afghan patrol was pinned down by insurgents in Zhari District, Afghanistan.  With the squad in danger of becoming encircled, Major Cox, then Captain, moved through intense enemy fire to reinforce the isolated Afghans.  Despite fierce enemy resistance, he persistently continued forward, returning a heavy volume of fire to suppress the insurgent position.  Major Cox’s courage and selflessness prevented the patrol from being surrounded by a numerically superior enemy.”

Imperial Honours & Foreign Awards

 


Imperial Honours, i.e. recognition granted under the British system of honours, were entwined with the Canadian military’s own system of recognition. In 1917, the Nickle Resolution called for the abolition of titular honours. In 1919 the resolution, though not legally binding, was adopted. In 1934, the Royal Prerogative was recognized by Parliament and the resumption of titular honours returned briefly, the former policy returning in 1935 when the government changed. Decorations and medals forming the lower levels of various orders could still be conferred, for example, the British Empire Medal.

During both World Wars, it was not uncommon for “foreign” decorations to be granted to Canadian soldiers, from nations allied to Canada and Britain. Canadians are still eligible in certain circumstances for foreign awards, as when members of Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry were recognized for their service with US forces in Afghanistan in 2002.

Shaded entries indicate posthumous awards.

 

First World War 1914-1918

 

 

Number Rank Name Date of Action

Location of Action

Companion of the Order of St. Michael & St. George

The Order of St Michael and St George is an order of chivalry founded in 1818. Admission to the order currently is described as for those who render extraordinary or important non-military service in a foreign country, or for important or loyal service in relation to foreign and Commonwealth affairs. The order consists of three classes below the Sovereign and Grand Master: Knights (or Dames) of the Grand Cross (GCMG), Knights and Dames Commander (KCMG) and Companions of the Order (CMG).

N/A Brig.-General Rattray, J.G.
N/A Brig.-General Ormond, Dan
Officer of the Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the most junior and most populous of the British orders of chivalry, having been created on 4 June 1917. The order comprises 5 classes, and two divisions, both military and civil.

N/A Major George, FitzRoy
N/A Captain Robinson, Charles
Member of the Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the most junior and most populous of the British orders of chivalry, having been created on 4 June 1917. The order comprises 5 classes, and two divisions, both military and civil.

N/A Lieutenant Tomlinson, David
ribboncdgbi.gif (1232 bytes) Croix de Guerre (Belgium)

Instituted on 25 October 1915 as a means of formally recognizing acts of heroism performed by individuals (of any of the Allied powers while on Belgian soil. A bronze palm on the ribbon indicated that the medal was awarded by the army; a bronze lion indicated it was awarded by a regiment; and a gold lion denoted that the medal was issued by land forces.

Sergeant Seeley, John
426402 Corporal Knight, Arthur
Corporal Robinson, James
624570 Private Grainger, Albert
21491 Private McTurk, James
81937 Private Webb, Jesse
ribboncdgf.gif (1221 bytes) Croix de Guerre (France)

Established by the French Republic in 1915 to commemorate individual Mentions in Despatches and awarded to officers and soldiers of all ranks of the French armed forces, as well as Allied officers and men mentioned in French Despatches.

N/A Lieutenant Colonel Ormond, Daniel Mowat
Captain Mitchell, William
Sergeant McIntosh, William
Corporal Baker, William
Corporal Smith, Ray
Private Main, Percy
ribbonmedmil.gif (1074 bytes) Medaille Militaire (France)

Established 22 January 1852.

Sergeant Andrews, Percy
Sergeant Caminer, Hugh
ribbonstanislas.gif (1183 bytes) Order of St. Stanislas, Third Class, with Swords (Russia)

Awarded in four grades.

N/A Major Ormond, Daniel Mowat
N/A Lieutenant Robson, Sidney
No undress ribbon Order of St. George, First Class (Russia)

Instituted in 1769 in four grades for meritorious military services or bravery in combat.

Sergeant Major Good, Robert
ribbongeorge4.gif (1148 bytes) Cross of St. George, Fourth Class (Russia)

Instituted in 1769 in four grades for meritorious military services or bravery in combat.

20252 Lance Corporal Komich, Joseph
Private Belinski, Theodore
Private Koewve, Harry
461103 Private Mulford, Frederick
Private Yashikawa, Matakichi

 


 

Second World War 1939-1945

 

 

 

Number Rank Name Date of Action

Location of Action

Link to Award Doc

Member of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the most junior and most populous of the British orders of chivalry, having been created on 4 June 1917. The order comprises 5 classes, and two divisions, both military and civil.
N/A Captain Dore, Charles Wilson N/A N/A Link to award document
N/A Captain Macdonell, Angus Joseph Jeffrey N/A N/A Link to award document
N/A Captain Wood, Gordon Bud N/A N/A Link to award document
M10719 RSM Bowen, Vincent Oliver N/A N/A Link to award document
British Empire Medal

The British Empire Medal was established in 1922 to replace the Medal of the Order of the British Empire. The medal is bestowed for meritorious civil or military service worthy of recognition by the Crown. Recipients are not members of the Order but the medals are affiliated with it.

M11054 CQMS Brandon, George N/A N/A Link to award document
ribboncdgb.gif (1183 bytes) Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (Belgium)

A reinstitution of the First World War award, beginning in 1941.

Captain McKinstry, Frederick John Brown 21 Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
Captain Turnbull, Andrew Ross Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
M104586 Corporal Berezay, Laverne Joseph

22 Sep 1944

Albert Canal, Belgium

Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
K49288 Private Patriquin, Clarence Gorley 30 Sep – 1 Aug 1944 Brecht, Belgium Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
Bronze Lion (Holland)
M12601 Sergeant Ferguson, Donald

31 Mar 1945 -1 Apr 1945

Doetinchem, The Netherlands

Link to award document
B138031 Lance Corporal McVay, Gordon Stanley

Oct 1944

Ossendrecht, The Netherlands

Link to award document
M60703 Corporal Sherring, William John Henry 1 Apr 1945 Doetinchem, The Netherlands Link to award document
Bronze Cross (Holland)
Lieutenant, RCSigs (attached) Wills, William Syms

26 Sep 1945

Hoogerheide, The Netherlands

Link to award document
H43089 Private Gregor, Marvin Martin

25 Oct 1944

Woensdrecht, The Netherlands

Link to award document
K2004 Private Walton, Joseph Michael

7 Oct  – 31 Oct 1944

South Beveland, The Netherlands

Link to award document
ribboncdggii.gif (1204 bytes) Croix de Guerre avec Etoile d’Argent (France)

The different classes of despatches for which a recipient was awarded the cross may be recognized by the following emblems on the ribbon: the silver star represented a Divisional level Despatch.

Lieutenant Ross, Robert Whitla 12 Aug 1944 Clair Tizon, France
(Award presented 22 June 1945 to Captain Ross)
Link to award document
ribboncdggii.gif (1204 bytes) Croix de Guerre avec Etoile d’Bronze (France)

The different classes of despatches for which a recipient was awarded the cross may be recognized by the following emblems on the ribbon: the bronze star represented a Brigade or Regimental level Despatch.

M11034 Lance Sergeant Harbut, Sidney Robert 12 Aug 1944 Clair Tizon, France Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
ribbonleopold.gif (1050 bytes) Chevalier of the Order of Leopold II with Palm (Belgium)

Instituted in 1900 as an Order for the Congo State, becoming a Belgian Order in 1908.  Awarded to Belgians and foreigners for services to the Sovereign of Belgium, and as a token of Leopold II’s personal goodwill.  Awarded in 5 classes, with 3 additional medals.

Captain McKinstry, Frederick John Brown 21 Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
Captain Turnbull, Andrew Ross Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)

 

Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Instituted on 9 November 1886 and awarded for individual instances of meritorious or distinguished service in wartime. Prior to 1943, it was awarded only to officers whose service had been mentioned in despatches for “distinguished services under fire, or under conditions equivalent to service in actual combat with the enemy.”

By the Second World War, this award generally went to officers in command of battalions or brigades and holding Lieutenant-Colonel rank or higher.  However, in the early years of the First World War, the DSO was the only medal available to reward officers, short of the Victoria Cross, until the creation of the Military Cross.  While awards to men ranked Major or below were not uncommon in the First World War, by 1944 the award often indicated not just outstanding leadership, but also individual feats of gallantry just short of that degree rewarded by the Victoria Cross.

In total, 1291 Canadians have been decorated with the DSO (20 of these in the Boer War and 710 in the First World War), with 113 Bars (ie a second award, which includes 89 in the First World War) and 18 second Bars (or third awards, including 15 from the First World War).

Thus, nineteen of the 1291 DSOs went to officers of the Regiment, three members of the Tenth Battalion were awarded a Bar to the DSO, and one 10th Battalion Officer received a second Bar (a feat only matched by 14 other Canadians).

The Distinguished Service Order is technically not a “medal” but the insignia of this order is indeed represented in the form of a medal, or ribbon when worn in “undress.”   The DSO was replaced in 1972 when the Canadian Honours System was introduced, replacing many of the former British Empire/British Commonwealth awards currently in use by the Canadian Government and Department of National Defence.

The following awards were made to members of the 10th Battalion, CEF, and The Calgary Highlanders.  This listing only covers those officers who were serving with the Regiment during the action(s) for which the award was made, not DSO holders who may later have served with either the 10th Battalion or Calgary Highlanders.

First World War 1914-1918

Rank Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes
Lieutenant-Colonel Ormond, Daniel Mawat N/A N/A Periodic (Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday; 1917.)
Lieutenant-Colonel Rattray, J.G. N/A N/A CMG Periodic (New Year Award, 1916.)
Major Ashton, Edward James N/A N/A Periodic (New Year Award, 1916.)
Major Critchley, Walter 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Citation
Major Ferguson, Hugh 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Citation
Major MacDonald, Eric Whidden N/A N/A Periodic (New Year award; 1917.)
Also awarded the MC
Major Sparling, Albert Walker 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Citation
Later transferred to 1st Bn, awarded 2 bars to DSO.
Major Thomson, Alexander Oct 1916 Somme Also awarded the MC
Citation
Major Walker, Phil 27-28 Sep 1918 East of Haynecourt Citation
Captain Arthur, Christopher Geoffrey N/A N/A Periodic (Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday; 1915.)
Captain Costigan, Charles 17 Nov 1915 Trench Raid Also awarded the MC
Killed at Passchendaele Nov 1917
Citation
Captain Younger, Lewis N/A N/A Periodic (Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday; 1919.)
Also awarded the MC & 2 bars
Lieutenant (A/Capt) Graham, Gordon 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Lieutenant McEachern, Norman Angus Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Thompson, William Winfred Aug 1917 Hill 70 Also awarded the MC
Citation
Bar to the Distinguished Service Order
Rank Name Date of Action Location Notes
Lieutenant-Colonel MacDonald, Eric Whidden Aug 1918 Amiens Citation
Lieutenant-Colonel Ormond, Daniel Mawat Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant McEacheren, Norman 2-4 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt/
Canal du Nord
Citation
Second Bar to the Distinguished Service Order
Rank Name Date of Action Location Notes
Lieutenant-Colonel MacDonald, Eric 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation

Second World War 1939-1945

Rank Name Date of Action Location Link to Award Doc
Lieutenant- Colonel Ellis, Ross Feb – April 1945 For service as Commanding Officer, especially at Wyler 8 Feb 1945. Link to award document
Lieutenant- Colonel Heyland, William Dalton (“Dalt”) Aug 1944 – Apr 1945 Leadership as company 2 i/c, command commander and battalion CO Link to award document
Lieutenant- Colonel MacLauchlan, Donald George 13 Aug 1944 For a brilliant surprise attack on Clair Tizon, France.   Award made Oct 1944. Link to award document
Major Clarke, Francis Herbert (“Knobby”) Aug 1944 – Apr 1945 For outstanding leadership, particularly at Gruppen-Buhren 26 Apr 1945. Link to award document
Major MacKenzie, Bruce 21/22 Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium.  Award presented 18 Dec 1944. Link to award document

Honourable Mention – Major Vernon (“Vern”) Stott, second in command of the 1st Battalion, The Calgary Highlanders, was transferred to command of the 1st Battalion, The South Saskatchewan Regiment in 1944, where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order, as well as being Mentioned in Despatches, and made an Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau (with Swords), a foreign award.

Military Cross (MC)
This medal was instituted on 28 December 1915, for award to commissioned officers of the substantive rank of Captain or below (including acting and temporary Majors) or Warrant Officers for distinguished and meritorious services in battle. In 1920, the terms were altered to clearly state the award was for gallant and distinguished services in action.

The Military Cross was replaced in 1972 when the Canadian Honours System was introduced, replacing many of the former British Empire/British Commonwealth awards currently in use by the Canadian Government and Department of National Defence.  The medals awarded under the Canadian Honours system are no longer associated with any particular group of ranks and all service personnel are entitled equally to all the major bravery awards.

The following awards were made to members of the 10th Battalion, CEF, and The Calgary Highlanders.  Posthumous awards are highlighted in grey.

First World War 1914-1918

Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location/Battle Other Awards Notes
Major Bingham, William 8 Aug 1918 Amiens Citation
Major Conners, Allan 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Citation
Major Lefebvre, Hercules Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Major MacDonald, Eric 12 Mar 1918 Trench Raid Also awarded the DSO
Citation
Major Simpson, Joseph Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Citation
Major Thomson, Alexander Thomas Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Also awarded the DSO
Citation
Major Thompson, William Winfred 27-28 Sep 1918 East of Haynecourt Also awarded the DSO
Citation
Captain Black, David Christie Apr 1917 Arleux Periodic: Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday.
Captain Burbidge, Geoff 28 Apr 1917 Arleux Citation
Captain Carey, Leo Joseph Citation
Captain Conners, Allan de Veres N/A N/A Periodic: Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday.
Died 25 Sep 1916 as Major
Captain Costigan, Charles 2 Mar 1916 The Bluff Also awarded the DSO
Killed at Passchendaele Nov 1917
Citation
Captain Kenny, Richard (CAMC, attached) 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Citation
Captain Matheson, John Campbell N/A N/A Periodic: Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday. 1919
Captain McAndie, David 8 Aug 1918 Amiens Also awarded the DCM and MM as Sergeant
Died 15 Aug 1918
Citation
Captain McDaniel, Bernard Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Citation
Captain McNair, Allan Young (CAMC, attached) Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Citation
Captain Miller, John “Jack” N/A N/A Periodic: New Years award; 1918.
Captain Milne, Edward Ramsay 8 Aug 1918 Amiens Awarded the Bar to the DCM as Sergeant
Died 10 October 1918 on RMS Leinster off Ireland
Citation
Captain Mitchell, John Broughton N/A N/A Periodic: Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday.

Killed 29 September 1918

Captain Thompson, William Winfred Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Citation
Lieutenant Andrews, Herbert Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant Balfe, Lewis Nelson Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant Carter, Henry Thomas 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Also awarded the DCM
Citation
Lieutenant Chutter, Thomas Sturley Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Citation
Lieutenant Clark, Jack B. 12 Mar 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant Costello, Francis George 28 Apr 1917 Arleux Citation
Lieutenant Dale, Thomas 19 Aug 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant Donald, Robert Fulton Barber 27-28 Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Citation
Lieutenant Duncan, Wallace Stevenson 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Citation
Lieutenant Easterbrook, Frederick Herbert Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant Fane, Frank John William Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant Feurt, Ralph Lindsay N/A N/A Periodic: Awarded on the occasion of His Majesty’s Birthday.
Lieutenant Fisher, Frederick St. Clair 19 Aug 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant FitzRoy, Charles Henry Mar 1918 Trench Raid Died 28 September 1918
Citation
Lieutenant Grimble, Sidney 26 July 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant Hedges, William Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Citation
Lieutenant Kent, Stanley Hornsby 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Died of Wounds 29 April 1917
Citation
Lieutenant Milne, David 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Lieutenant Oliver, William 8 Aug 1918 Amiens Citation
Lieutenant Pearson, Hugh Edward Aug 1917 Hill 70 Citation
Lieutenant Robertson, Stanley Currie 4 Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Citation
Lieutenant Rowley, Leonard Also awarded the MM
Citation
Lieutenant Rump, Frank George 12 Mar 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant Skinner, Benjamin 27-28 Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Citation
Lieutenant Stevenson, Charles 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Dancocks refers to a “Lt. D.W. Stephenson”
Citation
Lieutenant Templeman, Harry Gardiner Brough Also awarded the MM
Citation
Lieutenant Teviodale, David Jefferson Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Lieutenant Trimmer, Alfred Syer 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Killed 28 April 1917
Citation
Lieutenant Watling, Edward Wallace Waits 8 Aug 1918 Amiens Citation
Lieutenant Watt, Charles 8 Aug 1918 Amiens Citation
Lieutenant Younger, Lewis 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Also awarded the DSO
Citation
Regimental Sergeant Major Stuart, Duncan 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Citation
Bar to the Military Cross
Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes
Major Bingham, William John 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Captain Andrews, Herbert 2 – 4 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Captain Kent, Stanley Hornsby 8 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge – Trench Raid Died of Wounds 29 April 1917
Citation
Captain Mitchell, John Broughton Nov 1917 Passchendaele Killed 29 September 1918
Citation
Captain Trimmer, Alfred Syer 4 Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Killed 28 April 1917
Citation
Captain Younger, Lewis Also awarded the DSO
Citation
Lieutenant FitzRoy, Charles Henry Citation
Lieutenant Rowley, Leonard 19 Aug 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant Rump, Frank George 17 July 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Lieutenant Skinner, Benjamin 12 Oct 1918 Canal de la Sensee Citation
Lieutenant Templeman, Harry Gardiner Brough 17-18 Oct 1918 Canal de la Sensee Also awarded the MM
Citation
Lieutenant Watling, Edward Wallace Waits 12 Oct 1918 Arleux Citation
Lieutenant Watt, Charles 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
2nd Bar to the Military Cross
Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes
Captain Younger, Lewis 27-29 Aug 1918 near Monchy-le-Preux While serving with 9th Inf Bde HQ (3 Cdn Div) 
Also awarded the DSO
Citation

Second World War 1939-1945

No. Rank Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes Link to Award Doc
N/A Major Gordon, Robert May 1945 The family of Major Gordon provided the Regimental Museum with information regarding the award of the MC to Major Gordon and confirm he was a Calgary Highlander at the time of the award.* Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
N/A Captain Keller, Alexander 7 Oct 1944 Hoogerheide, The Netherlands Also awarded the MM as Corporal with Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada at Dieppe.  Award presented 18 Dec 1944. Link to award document
N/A Lieutenant DeBiens, Joseph Gerard 22 Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium RCAMC officer attached to battalion. Link to award document
M10712 Warrant Officer II Class Larsen, Harold Omar 27 Feb 1945 Hochwald Forest, Germany Award presented 25 April 1945. Link to award document

* Thank you to Peter Simundson of the QOR Museum for facilitating that conversation.

ribbondcm.gif (1062 bytes) Medal for Distinguished Conduct in the Field (DCM)

 

 
This medal was instituted in December 1854, and was awarded to Warrant Officers, NCOs and men for “distinguished conduct in the field”.  In practice, it is considered second only to the Victoria Cross in terms of prestige.  It is not awarded for service or for leadership, but individual acts of courage.  As such it is exceedingly rare.  For example, only 161 Canadians were awarded the DCM for service in the Second World War (with one second award, or Bar, also being awarded); seven of them were Calgary Highlanders.  It was not unheard of for soldiers recommended for the Victoria Cross to be awarded the DCM in lieu; this was the case with Sergeant Ken Crockett, DCM, of the Calgary Highlanders.

The Military Medal, considered a lower award for bravery, was not introduced until 1916, so the award of DCMs earlier in the war may have been slightly more generous.

A typical citation (this one for Lance Corporal George William Allan) would be as follows (as published in the London Gazette No. 29202, dated June 30, 1915)

“For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on the night of 23rd – 24th April 1915, when he fought first one machine gun and then a second, until both were put out of action and their teams either killed or wounded, he then continued to fire with his rifle until killed at his post.”

The Distinguished Conduct Medal was replaced in 1972 when the Canadian Honours System was introduced, replacing many of the former British Empire/British Commonwealth awards currently in use by the Canadian Government and Department of National Defence.  The modern equivalent of the DCM would most likely be considered the Star of Courage.

The following awards were made to members of the Tenth Battalion, CEF, and The Calgary Highlanders.  Posthumous awards are highlighted in grey.

First World War 1914-1918

 

Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes
Company Sergeant Major Carter, Henry Thomas

Aug 1917

Hill 70

minimc.gif (849 bytes)

Later awarded MC as officer
Citation
Company Sergeant Major Nuttall, Jack P.

Jun 1916

Mount Sorrel

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Company Sergeant Major (Acting R.S.M.) Watchman, James

9 Apr 1917

Vimy Ridge Died 11 Nov 1917
Citation
Sergeant Barlow, Arthur (34076)

Mar 1918

Hill 70

Also awarded the MM and Bar as a Corporal
Citation
Sergeant Budd, Arnold

4-5 Feb 1916

Trench Raid Citation
Sergeant Caminer, Hugh 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM as a Lance Corporal
Listed in Gallant Canadians as Corporal
Citation
Sergeant Forbes, Davis

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Citation
Sergeant Jeeves, Charles H.H.

1918

Amiens/Arras Citation notes “in front of Amiens and Arras.”
Citation
Sergeant Leebody, Samuel

27/28 Sep 1918

Hayencourt Citation
Sergeant Legg, Percy B.

9 Apr 1917

Vimy Ridge Citation
Sergeant Malkinson, Wilfred H.

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM as a Private
Citation
Sergeant Maxwell, Dougall

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Citation
Sergeant McAndie, David Oct 1916 Somme

minimc.gif (849 bytes)

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MC and MM
Died 15 Aug 1918
Citation
Sergeant Milne, Edward Ramsay May 1915 Festubert

minimc.gif (849 bytes)

Awarded the Bar to the DCM and also awarded the MC as a Captain
Died 10 October 1918
Citation
Sergeant Morrison, Charles May 1915 Festubert Citation
Sergeant Oliver, Ambrose

8 Aug 1918

Amiens Citation
Sergeant Stone, Harry C. Citation
Sergeant Vose, Ernest Apr 1917

Vimy Ridge

For actions as Signals Sergeant
Citation
Lance Sergeant Shoesmith, Frederick Oct 1916 Somme

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Lance Sergeant Underwood, Arthur A.

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM, Acting Sergeant on citation.
Citation
Corporal Baker, William 23 Apr 1915 St. Julien Also awarded French Croix de Guerre.
Citation
Corporal Bradley, Thomas W.

27/28 Sep 1918

Hayencourt Citation
Corporal Brookes, Ralph May 1915 Festubert Citation
Corporal Coates, Robert 8 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge – Trench Raid

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Corporal Greenwood, Thomas C.

8 Aug 1918

Amiens

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Corporal Grover, George S.

27/28 Sep 1918

Hayencourt Citation
Corporal Hume, Edward M.

8 Aug 1918

Amiens Citation
Corporal Palmer, John E. May 1915 Festubert Gallant Canadians lists as Lance Sergeant
Citation
Corporal Purmal, Nicholas

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Citation
Corporal Ross, Thomas Oscar 24 Apr 1915 St. Julien Died 3 August 1915
Listed in Gallant Canadians as Private
Citation
Corporal Schultz, Samuel 24 Apr 1915 St. Julien

Citation
Corporal Wennevold, John Oscar

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Died 28 September 1918
Gallant Canadians lists as Lance Sergeant
Citation
Lance Corporal Allan, George 23-24 Apr 1915 St. Julien Killed 23 April 1915
Citation
Lance Corporal Buddry, Frederick L. 3 Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Lance Corporal Cooper, William

8 Aug 1918

Amiens

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Died 3 September 1918
Also awarded the MM (with another battalion)
Citation
Lance Corporal Culgin, Alexander

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Lance Corporal Hayter, Arthur 3 Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Citation
Lance Corporal Jones, Gordon P.

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Died 8 August 1918 at Amiens
Listed in Gallant Canadians as Corporal
Citation
Lance Corporal King, William 23 -24 Apr 1915 St. Julien Listed in Gallant Canadians as Corporal
Citation
Lance Corporal Wilson, Harry

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Died 28 September 1918
Listed in Gallant Canadians as Corporal
Citation
Private Beggs, William

Nov 1917

Passchendaele Citation
Private Bloxham, Charles 24 Apr 1915 St. Julien Citation
Private Burnell, Arthur W.

28 Sep 1918

Epinoy Listed in Gallant Canadians as Lance Corporal.
Citation
Private Clark, Richard

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Collins, John P.

28 Sep 1918

Epinoy Citation
Private Cox, Frank S. 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Citation
Private Cracknell, Charles J.

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Citation
Private Curtis, Norval

17/18 Oct 1918

Ecaillon

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Private Fenwick, McLeod

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Fidgett, Thomas D.

Aug 1917

Hill 70 Citation
Private Flynn, Thomas

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Graham, Lloyd J. Mar 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Private Henry, J.

8 Apr 1917

Vimy Ridge – Trench Raid

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Private Holmes, William J.

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Hughes, Joseph F.

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Kosko, Michael 12 Mar 1918 Trench Raid Citation
Private La Duke, George W.

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Mattison, Peter

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Morin, Alexander Oct 1916 Somme Attached to Trench Mortar battery at time of deed.
Died 19 Feb 1917
Citation
Private Pettengill, Charles

2 Sep 1918

Villers-les-Cagnicourt Citation
Private Sixby, Frank 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid Citation
Private Smith, Henry

Aug 1917

Hill 70

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Private Van Valkenberg, Gordon

8 Aug 1918

Amiens

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Private Webb, Harry 19 Aug 1918

Trench Raid

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM
Citation
Private Zuidema, Louis

4-5 Feb 1916

Trench Raid Citation

 


ribbondcmbar.gif (1483 bytes) Bar to the Medal for Distinguished Conduct in the Field

 

Rank Name Date of Action Location

Notes

Sergeant Milne, Edward 4-5 Feb 1916 Trench Raid

Earned the DCM at Festubert, 1915.
First Canadian in the Great War to win the Bar to the Distinguished Conduct Medal.
Citation

 


Second World War 1939-1945

 

No. Rank Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes Link to Award Doc

K2190

Private Brown, William Cary 23 Oct 1944 Ossendrecht, The Netherlands Died in motorcycle accident on 8 Dec 1944.  Award made posthumously, 18 Dec 1944. Link to award document
M35070 Sergeant  Crockett, Ken 21 Sep 1944 Albert Canal, Belgium Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
K52168 Sergeant Laloge, Emile Jean  1 Nov 1944 Walcheren Causeway, The Netherlands

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM.  Award presented 28 Jan 1945. Link to award document
M12091 Sergeant Reed, Thomas James 7 October 1944 Hoogerheide, The Netherlands

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM.  Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
B127987 Lance Corporal McMahon, Robert Allan 8 Feb 1945 Wyler, Germany Link to award document

M105583

Lance Corporal Rourke, Floyd Orin 26 Apr 1945 Gruppen-Buhren, Germany Link to award document

M8999

Private Austin, R. E 8 Feb 1945 Wyler, Germany

minimm.gif (865 bytes)

Also awarded the MM. Link to award document

 

 

 

ribbonmsm.gif (956 bytes) British Meritorious Service Medal (MSM)

 

From 1902 to 1916, this medal was awarded only after discharge to any senior NCO (sergeant or warrant officer) who had earned the Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and had served for 21 years (or 18 years if disabled).  The award was limited to just 40 who could wear it at any time and was a recognition of valuable and meritorious service.

 

ribbonmsm1.gif (1059 bytes)

 

In 1916, white stripes were added to the ribbon to distinguish it further from the Victoria Cross ribbon (which was the same crimson colour but also had a miniature of the VC attached to the ribbon).  All non-commissioned ranks were also made eligible for the award.

 

The conditions for the award were also changed, to include those soldiers duly recommended… in respect of gallant conduct in the performance of military duty otherwise than in action against the enemy, or in saving, or attempting to save the life of an officer or soldier, or for devotion to duty in a theatre of war.”

 

ribbonmsm2.gif (1117 bytes)

 

In 1917, a central white stripe was added to the ribbon.

 

In 1928, the gallantry portion of the award was cancelled, as the British Empire Medal served that purpose instead.

 

There were 275 awards for service, and 1430 for gallantry.

 

The following awards were made to members of the 10th Battalion, CEF.  Posthumous awards are highlighted in grey.

 

First World War 1914-1918

 

Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes
Sergeant Major Baker, Herbert        
Sergeant Major Murray, George        
Sergeant Major Rayfield, Edmond        
Sergeant Major Wilson, Matthew        
Sergeant Campbell, John        
Sergeant Doig, Charles        
Sergeant Hardwick, Ralph        
Sergeant Jacobs, Sidney        
Sergeant McDonald, Angus        
Sergeant McNiven, Charles        
Sergeant Thompson, Robson        
Sergeant Vincent, George        
Sergeant Washford, Harry        
Sergeant Winning, James        
Corporal Menzies, William        
Corporal Simpson, Herbert        
Corporal McTurk, James        
Corporal Morris, Denis        

 

 

The award was replaced in 1972 by other awards in the Canadian Honours System, and eventually a Canadian Meritorious Service medal was instituted.

Canadian Meritorious Service Medal (MSM)

Military Medal
This medal was instituted on 25 March 1916, recognizing a gap in the system of awards for non-commissioned soldiers.  The medal was awarded to “Warrant Officers, non-commissioned officers and men for individual or associated acts of bravery on the recommendation of a Commander-in-Chief in the field.”

Canadians have received 13,654 medals for both World Wars and Korea, plus 848 first bars and 38 second bars.  One of these 38 went to a member of the 10th Battalion.

During the battle for Hill 70 in 1917, no less than sixty members of the 10th Battalion were decorated with the Military Medal.

The Military Medal was replaced in 1972 when the Canadian Honours System was introduced, replacing many of the former British Empire/British Commonwealth awards currently in use by the Canadian Government and Department of National Defence.

The following awards were made to members of the 10th Battalion, CEF, and The Calgary Highlanders.

First World War 1914-1918

Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes
Regimental Sergeant Major Stuart, Duncan Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel Also awarded the MC
Company Sergeant Major Nuttall, Jack Also awarded the DCM
Sergeant Barlow, Arthur Also awarded the DCM
Sergeant Buddry, Frederick L. 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Also awarded the DCM – Citation
Sergeant Burns, Robert Aug 1917 Hill 70
Sergeant Campbell, John (437136) 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Sergeant Darwin, Charles Aug 1917 Hill 70
Sergeant Gilchrist, William 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Sergeant Greer, Byron Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Sergeant Henry, Frank 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Killed at Arleux April 1917
Sergeant Hood, Cornelius Aug 1917 Hill 70
Sergeant Malcolm, Cliff 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Sergeant McCallum, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Sergeant McAndie, David 28 Apr 1917 Arleux Also awarded the MC and DCM
Died 15 Aug 1918
Sergeant McCullough, Hugh 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Sergeant McLaughlin, Alexander Oct 1916 Somme
Sergeant McNeil, John Oct 1916 Somme
Sergeant Mortimer, Herbert 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Sergeant Murray, David 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Sergeant Neal, Marshall Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant Nuttall, George 2 Mar 1916 The Bluff
Sergeant Parry, James Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Sergeant Pettit, Chester Oct 1916 Somme Killed 9 Apr 1917 at Vimy Ridge
Sergeant Rees, Jeff
Sergeant Riseley, Baset 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Sergeant Ritchie, William 26 July 1918 Trench Raid Later killed at Amiens
Sergeant Seeley, John Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant Shaw, James Apr 1917 Arleux
Sergeant Smart, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Sergeant Stone, George 8 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge – Trench Raid
Sergeant Sydenham, Sydney Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Sergeant Templeman, Harry 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Also awarded the MC and Bar as an officer
Sergeant Underwood, Arthur Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Also awarded the DCM as a Lance Sergeant
Sergeant Wallace, Leslie 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Sergeant Waller, Richard Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant White, Charles 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Sergeant Whitehurst, Walter
Sergeant Whiteley, Benjamin 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Lance Sergeant Arnold, Edward Aug 1917 Hill 70
Lance Sergeant Connell, David Oct 1916 Somme
Lance Sergeant Shoesmith, Frederick 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Also awarded the DCM
Lance Sergeant Stewart, George
Corporal Barlow, Arthur 17 July 1918 Trench Raid
Corporal Bennett, Michael
Corporal Bond, Frederick Aug 1917 Hill 70
Corporal Brown, Walter Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Corporal Burkett, George 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Corporal Campbell, John (30867)
Corporal Cooper, William 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Also awarded the DCM, MM awarded with another battalion?
Corporal Crane, John 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Corporal Currie, Harvie Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Elliott, Andrew Aug 1917 Hill 70
Corporal Greenwood, Thomas 26 July 1918 Trench Raid Also awarded the DCM
Corporal Harvey, Albert Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Corporal Hatherby, Sidney Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Hughes, E.R. Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Corporal Irvine, David
Corporal Keith, William Aug 1917 Hill 70
Corporal Kendall, Arthur 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Corporal Kilmer, Reuben Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Leslie, George Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Corporal Maiden, Fred 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Corporal Martindale, Edwin 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge Killed at Passchendaele, Nov 1917
Corporal Marvin, Reginald Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Corporal McGregor, Robert Aug 1917 Hill 70
Corporal Murray, Frederick Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Corporal Oldenburg, Maurice Aug 1917 Hill 70
Corporal Pinder, Arthur Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Porter, John 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Corporal Rimmer, Lancelot 2 Mar 1916 The Bluff
Corporal Ringrose, Frank Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Smith, Louis Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Southward, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Steadman, Thomas Aug 1918 Amiens
Corporal Sullivan, Michael 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Lance Corporal Armstrong, Roy Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Lance Corporal Broadbent, Charles Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Caminer, Hugh Oct 1916 Somme Later awarded the DCM as a Corporal
Lance Corporal Chandler, Richard (148157) Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Lance Corporal Corry, James 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Lance Corporal Courtney, Arthur
Lance Corporal Evans, John Aug 1917 Hill 70
Lance Corporal Foley, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Forbes, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Foss, Frederick
Lance Corporal Hampton, David Aug 1917 Hill 70
Lance Corporal Hutchinson, John 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Lance Corporal L’Hirondelle, William Aug 1917 Hill 70
Lance Corporal Jervis, Henry Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Marcellus, George Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Markinson, Thomas 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Lance Corporal Maxwell, Arthur 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Lance Corporal Nowell, Albert Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Lance Corporal Rowley, Frederick Apr 1917 Arleux
Lance Corporal Smith, William Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Lance Corporal Stephenson, Vay Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Lance Corporal Tate, Leslie 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Lance Corporal Thompson, Norman Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Vowel, George Oct 1916 Somme
Lance Corporal Weldon, Frank Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Lance Corporal Witney, Percy 2 Mar 1916 The Bluff
Lance Corporal Wilson, Robert Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Corporal Wilson, William
Lance Corporal Wood, Robert Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Adams, George 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Adamson, Robert Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Private Adamson, William Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Aitken, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Armstrong, Norman Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Atkinson, James Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Bach, Ernest Oct 1916 Somme
Private Ballantyne, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Bartlett, A.E. 2 Mar 1916 The Bluff
Private Bateman, Ewart Aug 1917 Hill 70 Died of wounds, Dec 1917
Private Baxter, Harry Aug 1917 Hill 70 Killed at Passchendaele, late 1917
Private Beer, Ernest Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Bell, Dalton Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Bowering, Ernest 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Bowers-Taylor, Edward Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Brooks, George 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Brown, George Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Brown, Luke Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Burbridge, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Campbell, Thomas Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Catte, Robert Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Chandler, Richard (22558) Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Coates, Robert Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Also awarded the DCM
Private Connor, Thomas 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Connor, Herbert 26 July 1918 Trench Raid Later killed at Amiens
Private Corrall, Frank Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Curtis, Norval Aug 1917 Hill 70 Also awarded the DCM
Private Daum, Alfred Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private DeMarre, Walter Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Depau, Frank 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Dewar, Roland 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Dunn, William Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Dyson, William Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Eakins, Alfred 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Eden, H. Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Private Eide, Austin Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Enderton, Frank 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Fairbank, Percy Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Ferguson, Allan Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Finlayson, Donald Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Fisher, Arthur Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Fisher, James 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Flynn, Edward Oct 1916 Somme Killed at Passchendaele, Nov 1917
Private Foss, Charles Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Fowler, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Fraser, Ewen
Private Fowlie, George Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Gibson, Robert Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Gibson, William Aug 1917 Hill 70 Killed as Corporal at Passchendaele, 11 Nov 1917.
Private Gillespie, David Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Golics, George Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Gray, James Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Greig, Peter 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Harrison, Richard Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Private Haydon, Charles Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Hazelwood, Herbert Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Hemphill, Samuel Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Heinrichs, Daniel Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Henry, Harry Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Henry, Hugh Apr 1917 Arleux Also awarded the DCM
Private Hescott, John 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Hewitt, Cecil 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Holcombe, Walter 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Holley, Walter 12 Mar 1918 Trench Raid
Private Holliday, Gus Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Honey, Frank Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Humphreys, William 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Hunter, Nathaniel 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Hurst, T.
Private Hutchinson, John
Private Irwin, Wesley
Private Iwamoto, Tokutaro Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Johnson, Percy 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Jones, James Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Jones, Urban 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Knapp, Grant Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Knight, Frederick Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Kyle, Donald Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Launder, Charlie Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Laverson, Thomas Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Lee, Charles Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Longwood, Wilfred Oct 1916 Somme
Private Lynch, John Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private MacKenzie, Alexander 8 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge – Trench Raid
Private Madge, William 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Maggs, Alfred 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Main, Percy Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Malkinson, Wilfred Aug 1917 Hill 70 Also awarded the DCM
Private Mallory, Leonard Oct 1916 Somme
Private Martin, George Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Matson, Michael 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Private McCallum, Lemuel Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private McCaughan, Alexander 2 Mar 1916 The Bluff
Private McDonald, Alexander Aug 1918 Amiens
Private McDonald, Edward Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private McDonald, Hugh Aug 1918 Amiens
Private McGregor, David Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private McInnes, Alexander Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private McKenzie, John 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private McKenzie, Phil Oct 1916 Somme
Private McLanders, George Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private McLatchie, Alfred Apr 1917 Arleux Killed 20 April 1918 as Sergeant
Private McLean, Donald Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private McMackin, Frank 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Private McNaughton, Joe Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private McPhail, John 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private McPhee, Kenneth Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Melbourne, Leonard Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Michie, Charles Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Millar, Charles 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt Died 30 October 1918, age 46
Private Milligan, Thomas Oct 1916 Somme
Private Milne Joseph Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Private Milton, John Oct 1916 Somme
Private Mitchell, Joseph Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Mitsui, Masumi Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Moore, William Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Morrison, Frank Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Murray, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Newton, Gardiner 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Norris, Arthur Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private O’Hearne, Jack Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Oleson, Paul Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Paget, Rennie Oct 1916 Somme
Private Parsons, Albert Oct 1916 Somme
Private Reside, Thompson Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Riker, Harold Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Rimmer, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Robbins, Frank Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Roberts, Frederick Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Robertson, John 12 Mar 1918 Trench Raid
Private Robson, Sidney Oct 1916 Somme
Private Rowley, Leonard 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Simms, Samuel Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Simpson, Thomas 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Smith, Chesley Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Smith, Elmer Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Smith, Henry Aug 1918 Amiens Also awarded the DCM
Private Smith, John Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Smith, Robert Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Smith, William Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Stevenson, William 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Stevenson, Walter Oct 1916 Somme
Private Stewart, Percy Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Sullivan, James Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Summers, William Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Private Sutherland, Robert Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Tait, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Taylor, Sidney 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Temperton, John Oct 1916 Somme
Private Thompson, William Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Topp, Ernest Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Trute, George Aug 1918 Amiens
Private Tuffnell, Frederick Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Turnbull, James 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Turvey, Harry 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Van Valkenberg, Gordon Sep 1918 Canal du Nord Also awarded the DCM
Private Vincent, Lawrence Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Webb, Harry 26 July 1918 Trench Raid Also awarded the DCM
Private Wigglesworth, George Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Williams, Aylmer 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Private Wilson, Harry Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Wiskar, W. Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Wright, Hugh Aug 1917 Hill 70
Private Wright, Leslie Jun 1916 Mount Sorrel
Private Young, Ronald 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Bar to the Military Medal
Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Notes
Sergeant Currie, Harvey Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant Fairbank, Percy Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant Keith, William Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Sergeant Kendall, Arthur Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant Pinder, Arthur Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant Wallace, Leslie Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Sergeant White, Charles Aug 1918 Amiens
Lance Sergeant Kilmer, Reuben Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Corporal Barlow, Arthur 26 July 1918 Trench Raid
Corporal Bowering, Ernest 28 Apr 1917 Arleux
Corporal Oldenburg, Maurice Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Corporal Ringrose, Frank 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Corporal Smith, Louis 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Corporal Steadman, Thomas 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Lance Corporal Oleson, Paul Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Brooks, George Sep 1918 Canal du Nord
Private Harrison, Richard 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Lee, Charles Nov 1917 Passchendaele
Private Mallory, Leonard Apr 1917 Arleux
Private Milne, Joseph 9 Apr 1917 Vimy Ridge
Private Paget, Rennie 2 Sep 1918 Villers-les-Cagnicourt
Second Bar to the Military Medal
Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Notes
Private Milne, Joseph Thompson Aug 1917 Hill 70 Died of wounds on 1 September 1918, as a Lance Corporal, aged 29
Son of George and Mrs. Milne, of Newton of Fechil, Ellon, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Born on May 16, 1889 at Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Lance Corporal Milne enlisted at Calgary, Alberta on 19 January 1915 listing himself as a fireman.

Second World War 1939-1945

No Rank/Appointment Name Date of Action Location Other Awards Notes Link to Award Doc
M11702 Warrant Officer II Class Wilson, Roy Lendrum Jul-Aug 1944 Normandy, France Link to award document
(file no. only – document not online)
K52168 Sergeant Laloge, Emile Jean 8 Feb 1945 Vossendahl, Germany Also awarded the DCM
Award presented 25 Apr 1945.
Link to award document
M12091 Sergeant Reed, Thomas James 9 Oct 1944 Hoogerheide, The Netherlands Also awarded the DCM.
Award presented 18 Dec 1944.
Link to award document
B97085 Lance Corporal Wolfe, Richard George 1 Nov 1944 Walcheren Causeway, The Netherlands Link to award document
M105247 Private
(Acting Sergeant)
Anderson, Carol Edwin 8 Feb 1945 Wyler, Germany Award presented 25 Apr 1945. Submitted as DCM and downgraded to MM. Link to award document
M102056 Private
(Acting Sergeant)
Melnychanko, Michael 8 Feb 1945 Wyler, Germany Award presented 25 Apr 1945. Link to award document
F44768 Private
(Acting Corporal)
MacDonald, John Russell 14 Sep 1944 Dunkerque, France Award presented 18 Dec 1944. Link to award document
M8988 Private Austin, Raymond Eugene Feb 1945 Wyler, Germany Also awarded the DCM
Award presented 25 Apr 1945.
Link to award document
H101836 Private Cook, Wilfred Matthew Bruce 9 Aug 1944 Bretteville, France Killed in action 29 Aug 1944.
Award announced Nov 1944
Link to award document
C121731 Private Field, Norman George Victor 14 Sep 1944 Dunkerque, France Award presented 18 Dec 1944. Link to award document
D167096 Private Lehman, Leo Edmond 26 Apr 1945 Oldenburg, Germany Link to award document
M10935 Private Lysne, Kristian Morgan 25-26 Jul 1944 St Andre-sur-Orne, France Award announced Nov 1944 Link to award document
C48723 Private Packer, Reginald Bruce 26 Apr 1945 Gruppen-Buhren, Germany Link to award document
M56983 Sergeant Williams, Roland William 27 Feb 1945 Wyler, Germany Award presented 25 Apr 1945. Link to award document

 

Calgary Highlanders on United Nations Missions

Note from the webmaster – these listings are very incomplete.  Over 200 Calgary Highlanders have served on UN and NATO missions since 1992.  The Regiment takes great pride in the personal sacrifices made by each and every soldier to have volunteered for these missions in the service of Peace.  If you are a Calgary Highlander and have served overseas, or know of anyone who is not listed here and should be, please contact the webmaster so that this list can be made as complete as possible. Please contact the webmaster at the address listed on the first page of this site and please include first name, last name, rank (at time of tour), name of mission, unit served with, name of OP/Roto # and approximate dates of service.  Corrections to the existing listing below are also gratefully accepted.

 


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UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)

The mandate of this mission was To monitor the cease-fire in Cambodia, conduct naval patrols in the Gulf of Thailand approaches and major inland waterways such as the Kekong River, and provide mine awareness training. Canada began withdrawing its forces in September 1993 and most were gone by late October 1993. The last three were due to leave in December 1993.  The award was for 90 days service from March 1992 to December 1993, and a total of 475 awards were made, including one to a Calgary Highlander of the Unit Medical Section.

Corporal David J. Dirom


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United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)

After the United Nations revolved to mediate between warring factions in Croatia, Canadian officers began to be deployed to the former Yugoslavia.  The Vance agreement of 1992 provided the impetus for the United Nations Protection Force to be deployed.  Their mandate was to “conduct security patrols, establish checkpoints, provide route maintenance, clear minefields and construct and maintain shelters in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.”

The Canadian contribution to this force was called Operation HARMONY, and was deployed from 1992 to 1995.  The forces involved in this Operation rotated on a regular basis, each Rotation (“Roto”) involving new units, and new opportunities for reservists to participate.  Medals were presented to any soldier serving at least 90 days in theatre, though the standard tour was six months, with a comparable period spent in Canada doing full-time work up training with the Roto unit pre-deployment.

Calgary Highlanders were involved in the earliest rotos.

Roto 1 consisted of 860 personnel from 3 PPCLI and 1 Combat Engineer Regiment.   Included on this roto were:

Master Corporal Fabio Lacentra
Corporal Sean Boomer
Corporal Rob Bruce

Corporal Cody Campbell
Corporal James Cox
Corporal Chris Estabrooks
Corporal Walt Fritz
Corporal J.P. Jenasak
Corporal Bruce Keen

Corporal Kevin Mack
Corporal Sean Mooney
Corporal Jamie Moreau
Corporal Josh Pullen
Corporal Mike “Conan” Robinson

Corporal Chuck Spooner
Private Christopher Tucker
Private Colin Damron
Private Chad Hyslop

Private Steve Welsh
Private Will “Turkey Neck” VanEyke

moreau2.jpg (11995 bytes) Corporal Jamie Moreau on Roto 1, doing Gate Guard duty

 

Roto 2, in the summer of 1993, consisted of 878 personnel from 2 PPCLI and had approximately 30 to 40 percent of its personnel drawn from various Militia Regiments.  Calgary Highlanders on this roto are shown at right.

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Private Erwin “Juan” Schoenfeldt receving his UNPROFOR medal from Honorary Colonel Fred Mannix in Pacrac, Croatia, 1993

 

govgen.jpg (1762 bytes) In 2002, Her Excellency Governor General Adrienne Clarkson introduced the Commander In Chief’s Unit Commendation.
The first presentation of this award was made to all members who were on strength of the Battle Group during the Medak Pocket fighting.

 

 

Rank Name Subunit
Sergeant William McCleave 3 Platoon
Sergeant Rob Stratton 2 Platoon
Sergeant Robert Smith
Master Corporal Doug Chudleigh
Master Corporal Paul Reaper 3 Platoon
Corporal Cory Bardos 2 Platoon
Corporal Alex Campbell 2 Platoon
Corporal Adam Dickens Served as a company medic
Corporal Dave Jaeger 3 Platoon
Corporal Paul Nichols 1 Platoon
Corporal Mike Owens 2 Platoon
Corporal Kelly Perich Recce
Corporal Simon Savage 2 Platoon
Corporal Craig Shaw 3 Platoon
Corporal Chris (Cheese) Smith
Corporal Kurtis Sanheim 2 Platoon
Corporal Norm Stretch 2 Platoon
Corporal Sheldon Wagg 2 Platoon, then TOW Platoon
Corporal Martin Woods 3 Platoon
Private Boomhower 2 Platoon
Private Seriak Davies 1 Platoon
Private Martin Olechno 3 Platoon
Private Jaymie Read 3 Platoon
Private Erwin (Juan) Schoenfeldt 3 Platoon
Private Darren Thompson 3 Platoon
?
?

 

 

 The 2 PPCLI BG is awarded the commendation for courageous and professional execution of duty during the MEDAK POCKET Operation in the Former Republic of Yugoslavia in September 1993. Under conditions of extreme peril and hazard, facing enemy artillery, small arms and heavy machine gun fire as well as anti-tank and anti-personnel mines, the members of 2 PPCLI BG held their ground and drove the Croatian forces back. Their exemplary actions caused the Croatian Army to cease their ongoing tactics of “ethnic cleansing” in the sector, without question saving many innocent civilian lives.

The original presentation ceremony for this award was made in Winnipeg on 1 December 2002 after almost ten years after the fact.   At that time, only five of the 27 Calgary Highlanders eligible for the award were able to attend the ceremony.  Others have since received their award from the unit.   More information on this award can be found on the DEU page under “Regimental Dress”.

Roto 4 in October 1994 included

Sergeant Dave Parry
Sergeant Flint Walters

Master Corporal Jeff Johnston
Master Corporal Chuck Spooner

Corporal Rob Bruce

Corporal Alex Campbell
Corporal Chris Estabrooks
Corporal Christian McEachern
 (pictured left)
Corporal Mike Smith
Private D. Finlay
Private Richard Weiss

Roto 7 (September 2000 – April 2001) included, serving with 2 PPCLI,

Sergeant Terry Afflick
Corporal Dino Avelino
Corporal Kelly Herbert
Corporal McGillis 

Corporal Mik Morton-Popiel
Private Ken Price

Other

Other Calgary Highlanders who either did not serve directly on a Roto, or for whom information is incomplete at the present time, include:

Major RJ (Rick) Goebel, CD
(For service with the Operations staff at UNPROFOR Headquarters, the personnel staff of Bosnia-Herzegovina Command, and the Operations and Communications Staff of Sector South between May 1993 and July 1994.)

Captain Mike Ter Kuile
Master Corporal Tamara Featherstone

Corporal Jeff Fearey
Corporal Teena Schneider
Corporal Michael Smith
Corporal Tim Walshaw
Private Josh Pullen


 

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United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)

UNDOF was established in June 1974 to supervise the cease-fire between Israel and Syria; to supervise the disengagement (redeployment) of Syrian and Israeli forces; and, to establish a buffer zone, as provided in the Agreement on Disengagement between Israeli and Syrian Forces of 31 May 1974. Ninety days service was the qualifying time for award of the medal.

Sergeant Brian S. King
Norm Rodgers

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United Nations Emergency Force Middle East (UNEFME)

Following the Yom Kippur War in October 1973 (with Egypt and Syria against Israel), UNEFME (sometimes called UNEF II) was created to ensure that the terms of the cease-fire were followed.  This award was for 90 days service between 26 October 1973 and 24 July 1979.  There have been 11,500 medals issued to Canadians for service on this mission.

Bruce Anderson

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United Nations Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)

 

UNFICYP was established to prevent a Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1964 and to keep the peace between the Greek-Cypriot (78% of population) and Turkish-Cypriot (18% of population) factions.  Thirty days service was required between 27 March 1964 and 27 March 1965 to qualify for the medal, with the requirement boosted to ninety days service after 27 March 1965.

There were 33,000 Medals issued to Canadians between 1964 and July 1993 (515 per rotation 1985-1989 and 575 per rotation 1989-1993). There have been 21 Canadians killed on duty in Cyprus.

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Canadian Forces rotations have included

 

Aug 87 – Mar 88 5e Régiment d’Artillerie Légère du Canada
Mar 88 – Aug 88 3 PPCLI
Aug 88 – Mar 89 Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians)
Mar 89 – Sept 89 Royal Canadian Dragoons (RCD)
Sept 89 – Mar 90 1 RCR
Mar 90 – Aug 90 2 PPCLI
Aug 90 – Mar 91 12e Règiment Blindé du Canada
Mar 91 – Aug 91 1 PPCLI
Aug 91 – Mar 92 2 RCR
Mar 92 – Aug 92 3 R22eR
Aug 92 – Feb 93 1 Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA)
Feb 93 – Jun 93 2 Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA)

 

During Roto 49 (March 1988 – September 1988), conducted by 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry, two Calgary Highlanders served; Corporal Dave Parry and Corporal Ramil Vitug. This tour was the first to take reservists in large numbers (approximately two platoons worth), though most of the officers and NCOs were Regular Force. (Thank you to Captain John Weingardt for providing this information to the Regiment in December 2010.)

The September 1989 Roto (Roto 52 of OP Snowgoose) was completed by 1 RCR and included:

Corporal Dave Melcher

The March 1991 Roto (Roto 55 of OP Snowgoose) included the following Calgary Highlanders:

Corporal Jamie Moreau
Corporal Michael McAdam
Corporal Michael Smith

Roto 58 of Operation Snowgoose was the last six month tour by a Canadian unit on Cyprus.  Serving with 2 RCHA on that tour was:

Corporal Dave Melcher

Other members of the Regiment known to have served in UNFICYP at various times have included:


Gord Campbell
Corporal Jeff Fearey


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United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)

The United Nations Military Observer Group in India & Pakistan (UNMOGIP) was established in 1948 to observe the cease-fire line and determine violations between India and Pakistan in the Kashmir area.  This was the first United Nations Peacekeeping mission.  Some 501 medals have been issued for six months service between 20 January 1948 and 20 January 1979.  A Calgary Highlander was one of the first members of this mission.

Major Stu Moore

moore.jpg (7261 bytes)

 

Calgary Highlanders on NATO Missions
Note from the webmaster – these listings are very incomplete.  Over 200 Calgary Highlanders have served on UN and NATO missions since 1992.  The Regiment takes great pride in the personal sacrifices made by each and every soldier to have volunteered for these missions in the service of Peace.  If you are a Calgary Highlander and have served overseas, or know of anyone who is not listed here and should be, please contact the webmaster so that this list can be made as complete as possible. Please contact the webmaster at the address listed on the first page of this site and please include first name, last name, rank (at time of tour), name of mission, unit served with, name of OP/Roto # and approximate dates of service.  Corrections to the existing listing below are also gratefully accepted.

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North Atlantic Treaty Organziation (NATO) Medal  for Former Yugoslavia

 

ELIGIBILITY & CRITERIA

Operation PALLADIUM

Canadian troops first went to the Balkans in February 1992 as part of UNPROFOR, to protect non-combatants during the conflicts in the former Republic of Yugoslavia. Negotiations conducted at Dayton, Ohio resulted in signing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace at Paris, on 14 Dec 1995 and NATO entered Bosnia-Herzegovina with the 60,000-strong Implementation Force (IFOR) to ensure compliance by all parties.   This was the largest military operation ever undertaken by NATO.   When IFOR’s one year mandate ended, the Mission subsequently became SFOR, totalling 12,000 troops and including 1220 Canadian Forces soldiers and over 170 Canadian civilians.

SFOR’s mission was to maintain a safe and secure environment for the citizens of the former Yugoslavia and to promote peace in the region.  The overall Canadian contribution to SFOR was named Operation PALLADIUM.   CF units deploying for PALLADIUM served six-month tours, known as rotations or “Rotos.”   The first Roto deployed to the region in 1996.  The Canadian area of responsibility in the northwest corner of Bosnia-Herzegovina was a rugged, mountainous area of about 6,000 square kilometres, or larger  than Prince Edward Island.

The main activity of Canadian soldiers has been patrolling towns, villages and countryside, in order to:

  • enforce compliance with the Dayton Accords;
  • locate and seize illegal weapons;
  • monitor weapon-storage sites;
  • monitor displaced persons and refugees;
  • support the activities of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the European Union Police Monitors (EUPM); and
  • promote civil-military co-operation.

Canadian troops in theatre also participated in Canadian and multinational exercises to both demonstrate SFOR capabilities and develop interoperability with allies.

Since 1992, more than 40,000 Canadians have served in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and twenty-four Canadians have been killed while serving in the region.

This medal was awarded for thirty days continuous or accumulated service on the land, at sea or in the air spaces of the Former Yugoslavia, Albania, the Former Republic of Macedonia, and the Adriatic Sea (the theatre of operations); or ninety days continuous or accumulated service, in the territories of Italy, Greece, Hungary and Austria, in direct support of the NATO operations in the Former Yugoslavia (the adjacent area).

Tour numerals are worn on the ribbon for each additional 180 days service in the theatre of operations (or 540 days service in the adjacent area defined above)

Eligibility for this medal started on 15 Dec 1995 and ended 31 Dec 2002. The medal was replaced by the Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for Operations in the Balkans on 1 Jan 2003.

The tour numerals are Arabic script and made of bronze.

Recipients from the Calgary Highlanders have included:

Corporal Rob Jackson
Served with 3 PPCLI 1996-1997

Roto 11 – 1 PPCLI Battle Group, Sep 2002 – Mar 2003

The Calgary Highlanders were able to send a formed unit over as part of this Roto, known within the Calgary Highlanders as the “CRIC Platoon” and belonging to the CRIC (Composite Reserve Infantry Company) made up of reservists.  The CRIC Platoon was able to train together as a sub-unit even before pre-deployment training with the PPCLI, and were the first soldiers in the Calgary Highlanders to receive issue of the new CADPAT uniform in anticipation of their operational deployment.  The CRIC Platoon were also among the large number of forces tasked with security at the G8 Summit in Kananaskis.

In the Balkans, the Battle Group as a whole had a very successful tour, marked by over 3300 vehicle and foot patrols in varied terrain, and the confiscation of hundreds of weapons and thousands of rounds of ammunition.  Focused security operations countered threats to peace and stability and built public confidence, while the Battle Group also supported refugee returns through the completion of fifteen community improvement projects.  These projects provided schools, water treatment, electricity, and sanitary services to some of the most disadvantaged areas of Bosnia.  Canadian soldiers completed a census providing critical information on over 8000 inhabitants to local government and aid agencies. Local government and public institutions became active and effective bodies during the mission and for the first time the Battle Group aided in developing the local economy by stimulating job creation.

Captain Simon Cox
Warrant Officer Terry Afflick
Sergeant Chris Tucker
Master Corporal Sergio Aburto
Master Corporal Malenfant
Corporal Bird
Corporal Kristopher Dodd
Corporal Kendall
Corporal Jamie Moreau
Corporal Peters
Corporal Poonwah
Corporal Morton-Popiel
Corporal Prins
Corporal Joel Rhodes
Corporal Squirrel
Private Costin
Private Emslie
Private Knight
Private Lukie
Private Patton

Also with Roto 11 was

Chief Warrant Officer Byron Fletcher, CD

 

Photos by Corporal Joel Rhodes
Click to Enlarge

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Corporal Joel Rhodes and Sergeant Chris Tucker

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Corporal Rhodes beside an SFOR marked Iltis.
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Unidentified soldier, Corporal Kristopher Dodd and Corporal Joel Rhodes.

 

 


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Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for Operations in the Balkans

 

Awarded for thirty days continuous or accumulated service on the land or in the air spaces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslavia (including Kosovo), Albania, and the Former Republic of Macedonia, starting the 1 Jan 2003.  This medal replaced NATO medals for the Former-Yugoslavia, Kosovo and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

With the creation of this medal, NATO abolished the practice of issuing tour numerals to recognize more than one tour with NATO forces. The “NON ARTICLE FIVE” medal is now issued once to recognize all service in the Balkans, regardless of the number of tours a member serves.

The medal also no longer recognizes service in support areas such as Italy, Greece, Hungary and Austria and a member must serve thirty days in the theatre of operations to qualify for this medal.

 

 

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Sergeant Dave Melcher
(In the summer of 2000, Sergeant Melcher served as a helicopter gunner with 408 Tactical Helicopter Squadron)

Roto 12 – 2 PPCLI Battle Group (April 2003 – September 2003)

Major Warren Spaan, CD – National Command Element
Warrant Officer James R. MacDonald, CD
 – “D” Company, 2 PPCLI
Warrant Officer Martin Woods, CD – Multi National Brigade, Northwest
Corporal Pat Laramee 
– “D” Company, 2 PPCLI
Corporal Rob Jackson
 – “D” Company, 2 PPCLI
Corporal Daniel Decorby 
– “D” Company, 2 PPCLI
Private Yuan Tao – 
– “D” Company, 2 PPCLI

Operation Bronze and Operation Boreas

Canadians participating as part of the NATO force in the Balkans (and serving in Sarajevo) became known as Operation Bronze; other Canadians in theatre were changed to EUFOR after the end of SFOR’s mandate, and referred to as Operation Boreas.

Roto 0 – 2004

Captain Louis Marselje, CD – Multi National Brigade, Northwest
Captain Fiona G. McLean, CD
 – Multi National Brigade, Northwest


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Special Service Medal

The Special Service Medal was created to recognize CF members who performed a service determined to be under exceptional circumstances, in a clearly defined locality for a specified duration, from 11 June 1984 to present (including service begun before that date still ongoin on 11 June 1984).  The Medal is always issued with a Bar that specifies the special service being recognized, each bar having its own criteria.  No device is worn on the ribbon in undress for a single bar; two or more bars are indicated as shown below.  The bars (listed by the bilingual names which physically appear on the bar itself) include:

NATO + OTAN

An aggregate of 180 days of honourable service within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) area of responsibility since its beginning on 1 Jan 1951 and still continuing. Qualifying service is service while posted to a NATO unit, or to a Canadian Forces or allied formation or unit outside territorial limits of Canada under the operational control of a NATO headquarters, or in Canada on an operational staff directly participating in the operational control of such formations and units. In the latter case, only those staff personnel serving in an operations room directly participating in the control of ships and aircraft in NATO operations and exercises qualify for this service.   Not all time served in Europe nor at sea can be counted towards this bar.

This bar is of most relevance to the Calgary Highlanders, as several members may in fact be qualified for it.  The Regiment provided augmentees to 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, which was stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany during the Cold War.  This brigade, the best equipped and most combat capable brigade in the Canadian Army, trained with the full intent of facing massive Warsaw Pact assaults into Western Europe.  During the 1980s, many Highlanders would do “fly overs” to what was then known as West Germany to participate in NATO exercises as part of the brigade group.  Calculation of time served has been administratively challenging.

PAKISTAN 1989 – 90 

A minimum of 90 days service with the Mine Awareness and Clearance Training Program in Pakistan, during the period beginning on 15 Mar 1989 and ending on 29 Jul 1990, under the auspices of the United Nations.  This award was subsequently replaced by the United Nations Special Service Medal and recipients of this bar may exchange it for his medal instead.

ALERT

An aggregate of 180 days of honourable service on the posted strength of Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert, or of honourable service with a military force operationally deployed to or at CFS Alert, since it began its operation on 1 Sep 1958 and still continuing. Units deployed at CFS Alert include such detachments as aircrew flying into the station for re-supply missions.

PEACE – PAIX 

An aggregate of 180 days of honourable service in peacekeeping operations, from Nov 1947 (the beginning of international peacekeeping operations) to 21 Jun 2001. It was issued for service which had not been recognized by any other award in, or accepted into, the Canadian Honours system at the time.  On 21 Jun 2001, this award was replaced by the CPSM (Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal).

HUMANITAS

An aggregate of 30 days of honourable service performed outside Canada since 11 Jun 1984 in support of any humanitarian operation, conducted in response to a disaster or human conflict, set out in the schedule, including rescue, relief and reconstruction operations, provided the service has not been acknowledged by the award of any other honour that is part of or is recognized by the Canadian Honours System.

RANGER

An aggregate of four years of honourable service as a Canadian Ranger, performing the duties of providing a military presence in support of Canadian sovereignty including reporting unusual activities, collecting local data of significance to support military operations, providing local expertise, assistance and advice, as guide and advisor, in search and rescue activities, and completion of a minimum of three Ranger Patrol Exercises, within Canada or its territorial and contiguous waters since 1947.

ribbonssmbar2.gif (1487 bytes) Where the undress ribbon is worn, a silver maple leaf is worn to denote a second bar.
ribbonssmbar3.gif (1500 bytes) Where the undress ribbon is worn, a gold maple leaf is worn to denote a third bar.
ribbonssmbar4.gif (1479 bytes) Where the undress ribbon is worn, a red maple leaf is worn to denote a fourth bar and any subsequent bars.

 

Calgary Highlanders on Foreign Service

Note from the webmaster – these listings are very incomplete.  Over 200 Calgary Highlanders have served on UN and NATO missions since 1992.  The Regiment takes great pride in the personal sacrifices made by each and every soldier to have volunteered for these missions in the service of Peace.  If you are a Calgary Highlander and have served overseas, or know of anyone who is not listed here and should be, please contact the webmaster so that this list can be made as complete as possible. Please contact the webmaster at the address listed on the first page of this site and please include first name, last name, rank (at time of tour), name of mission, unit served with, name of OP/Roto # and approximate dates of service.  Corrections to the existing listing below are also gratefully accepted.

 


ribbongcs.gif (1141 bytes) General Campaign Star

The General Campaign Star (GCS) is awarded to members of the Canadian Forces and members of allied forces working with the Canadian Forces who deploy into a defined theatre of operations to take part in operations in the presence of an armed enemy. The GCS is always issued with a ribbon specific to the theatre or type of service being recognized, and each ribbon has its own criteria. (The medal was originally issued with bars to indicate specific theatre/service).The medal (with applicable ribbon or bar) has been issued to retroactively commemorate service in the air operations over Kosovo in 1999, as well as (with a different coloured ribbon and separate bar) the campaign in Afghanistan in 2001-2014.

The main colours of the ribbon are red and white (the official colours of Canada as appointed by King George V in 1921) with the ribbon for South-west Asia having a green centre representing service.

Calgary Highlanders who have received this award while members of the Regiment include:

Warrant Officer Martin Woods – Warrant Officer Martin Woods served with the National Command Element of Canadian forces in Afghanistan from Aug 2005 to Jan 2006.

Master Corporal Steve Malenfant


ribbonswasm.gif (1626 bytes) South West Asia Service Medal

The South-West Asia Service Medal is awarded for a minimum of 90 days cumulative service in direct support of operations against terrorism in South West Asia from 11 September 2001 to 31 July 2009. Direct support occurs when a member is deployed to a unit or organization outside Canada but not into a specific theatre of operations, and where his or her primary duty is to provide direct assistance on a full-time basis to the operations against terrorism in South-West Asia.

Warrant Officer Martin Woods

Warrant Officer Martin Woods served with the National Command Element of Canadian forces in Afghanistan from Aug 2005 to Jan 2006.

Lieutenant Colonel Warren Spaan

 

Lieutenant Colonel Warren Spaan, Commanding Officer from 1999 to 2002, was awarded the South West Asia Service Medal (SWASM) with Afghanistan bar, for his service on Op ATHENA, Roto 2.  The medal was presented in Camp Julien, the Canadian camp in Kabul, on 4 Feb 2005 by the Task Force Commander, Colonel Jim Ellis.  This medal recognized service with the Headquarters of Combined Forces Command – Afghanistan (CFC-A), the U.S. led coalition serving there (as opposed to ISAF, the NATO led force). 

 

 

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ribbonesdp.gif (1060 bytes) European Security and Defence Policy Service Medal

 

Captain McLean was also awarded the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) service medal.  The European Union (EU) awards the ESDP service medal for 30 days’ continuous service on a designated EU-led crisis management operation. The medal is always awarded with a bar identifying the operation being recognized. Bars have been created recognizing service on the European Union-led: police mission (EUPM) in Bosnia, since January 1,2003;as well as military operation ARTEMIS in the Democratic Republic of Congo, from June 12 to September 1, 2003 (CF Operation CARAVAN); military operation CONCORDIA in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, from March 31 to December 15, 2003 (CF Op FUSION); police mission PROXIMA in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, from December 15, 2003, and European Union Force (ALTHEA) in Bosnia-Herzegovina from December 2, 2004 (CF Op BOREAS). 

 

Medals for Volunteer Service (War and Peace)

Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal
The Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal (abbreviated CPSM, though this medal does not entitle the holder to a post-nominal title) was announced on 29 June 2000, and continues to be awarded to Canadians who have been deployed outside Canada on peacekeeping or observer missions, as part of a United Nations or International Force, for a minimum of 30 days (not necessarily consecutive). Eligible recipients include personnel of the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, other police services, and civilians serving with these forces.
All Calgary Highlanders to have qualified for this award should have received one.  Any soldier, past or present, who is entitled but has not been presented with this award is urged to call the toll free number provided by the Department of National Defence for the purpose of taking applications: 1-(877)-741-8333. More information on applying for awards can be found at the Directorate of History and Heritage website at http://www.forces.gc.ca/hr/dhh/honours_awards/engraph/forms_e.asp?cat=3
Canadian Korea Medal

Awarded to Canadian military personnel for one day on the strength of an army unit in Korea; or 28 days afloat; or one sortie over Korea by a member of the RCAF, betwen 2 July 1950 and 27 July 1953.   While the Calgary Highlanders did not deploy to Korea, many Second World War veterans did volunteer for service there and number among the more than 15,000 Canadian service personnel eligible for this award.

Lance Corporal Floyd Rourke, DCM, who received the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his actions at Gruppen Buhren in April 1945 while serving with the Calgary Highlanders, was one such WW II veteran who volunteered for further service in Korea.  Other Korean War veterans came to the Highlanders in later years; Chief Warrant Officer Bill Toews, CD, who served as Regimental Sergeant Major of The Calgary Highlanders in the late 1980s, had served with the PPCLI in Korea.

While there is no bar to this medal, a bronze oak leaf emblem is worn on the ribbon by those mentioned-in-despatches. The RCN received 33 MIDs and the Canadian Army 248 MIDs.
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal

The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal (often abbreviated to CVSM, this medal did not grant a post-nominal to the holder) was granted to any Canadian who volunteered for Active service in any of the three services (sea, land or air), and honourably completed eighteen months of serviced between 3 September 1939 and 1 March 1947.

Additional information and a list of qualifing areas of service are available from the Honours and Awards Section, Veterans Affairs Canada, 66 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P4.

A silver bar (also referred to as a clasp in reference to this specific award) was awarded for 60 days service outside Canada.  A silver maple leaf is worn on the ribbon in undress.
The medal was established on 22 October 1943 and only the ribbon was issued during the war, with issues of the medal following the cessation of hostilities.

There were 1,183,000 men and women of the three Canadian services eligible, with 650,000 medals and 525,500 bars awarded.  Every Calgary Highlander to see action in the Northwest European campaign would have no doubt been qualified for this medal, with the exception of some replacements late in the war who lacked the necessary time requirement.

edals for Long Service and Good Conduct

Canadian Forces Decoration (CD)
1949 – Present

Long serving soldiers of the Calgary Highlanders are recognized by the award of the Canadian Forces Decoration.  This medal was created in December 1949 and first issued in 1951, replacing a wide array of previous decorations that were specific to certain branches or rank groups only.  The CD has always been available to any member of the Canadian Forces regardless of rank, service or branch.  The requirement for award of the medal is 12 years of service, the last eight of which must be marked by an unblemished record of good conduct.

The Calgary Highlanders generally award this decoration at important functions at which the majority of the Regiment is in attendance, so the recipient may be rewarded in front of his peers.   The medal is awarded with a presentation case, and the soldier’s name and rank are engraved on the edge of the medal.

On average approximately 7,500 presentations of the CD are made per year within the Canadian Armed Forces as a whole.

Additional periods of 10 years are marked by the addition of a bar to the medal; when the full medal is worn, this metal bar (called a “clasp” in reference to this particular decoration) is worn on the ribbon.   In “undress”, when only the ribbon is worn, the clasp actually takes the form of a metal rosette.

Chief Warrant Officer Martin McCumber, MMM, CD and Chief Warrant Officer Kent Griffiths, MMM, CD are notable for having been awarded three clasps to their CDs.
An unofficial practice has been taken up in some quarters in using the postnominal “CD1” to refer to a holder of the Canadian Forces Decoration with Clasp, “CD2” to represent a CD holder with 2 clasps, etc.  This is not correct and is not permitted by regulation.  The only approved and recognized post-nominal is “CD” regardless of the number of clasps held.
Efficiency Decoration (ED)
1931 – 1949

This medal was awarded for twenty years of “meritorious service” in the Non-Permanent Active Militia (as the Reserve Army was known before 1940).  Only officers of the NPAM (or RCAF Auxiliary and Reserve) were eligible for this award.  Wartime service counted as double towards the award criteria.  For officers commissioned from the ranks, half the time they spent as a non-commissioned soldier could counted towards this award.   This medal was issued between 1931 and 1949, when it was replaced with the CD described above.   Bars would be awarded for each additional 20 years of service.

Approximately 3,700 awards were made.

Canadian Efficiency Medal
1931 – 1949

The non-commissioned soldier’s counterpart to the ED was the Canadian Efficiency Medal, award for 12 years service to Warrant Officers, NCOs and Men serving in the reserve services (sea, land and air) of Canada.  The medal was awarded from 23 September 1931 until replaced by the Canadian Forces Decoration in 1949.  Every six additional years of service was recognized by a bar to the medal.  There was no post-nominal associated with the award.

During the reign of King George V, some 1,600 awards of the medal were made; 10,600 under King George VI, and 450 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II (the Canadian Forces Decoration was not awarded to those enlisting before 1 September 1939).  Additionally, in total there were some 3,200 first bars awarded (recognizing 18 years of service), 845 second bars (24 years), 140 third bars (30 years), 18 fourth bars (36 years) and 3 soldiers were recognized for 42 years service by the award of a fifth Bar to their Efficiency Medal.

Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers’ Decoration (VD)
1901 – 1931

The predecessor of the ED was the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers’ Decoration (carrying with it the now ominous-sounding post-nominal “VD”).

This medal was issued to officers (only) of the Non-Permanent Active Militia, for twenty years of “meritorious service.”  The medal was awarded from 4 February 1901 to 31 December 1931, after which time it was replaced by the Efficiency Decoration.  A bar would be awarded for twenty additional years of service.

During the reign of Queen Victoria, 850 awards were made to Canadians; 250 during the reign of King Edward VII and 1,660 awards during the reign of King George V.

Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal
1902 – 1931

The non-commissioned soldier’s counterpart to the VD was the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal.  This award did not come with a post-nominal.  Non-commissioned reservists in the land, air and naval forces of Canada were entitled to this award, issued from 4 February 1902 to 23 September 1931, for 20 years service (with war service counting double).  There was no provision for additional awards after twenty years (ie no Bar to this medal).

During the reign of Queen Victoria, 1,350 awards were made to Canadians; 750 during the reign of King Edward VII, and over 4,300 awards during the reign of King George V.

This award was superceded by Canadian Efficiency Medal.

Confederation Commemoratives

The Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation, 1992

The Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation (also referred to as “The Canada 125 Medal”) was minted in 1992 to honour Canadians who made a significant contribution to their fellow citizens, their community, or the nation.  Nominations were submitted to the Chancellery by Lieutenant Governors and Commissioners of territories, Senators, Members of Parliament, provincial governments, the Public Service Commission of Canada, the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, as well as by national organizations in important fields of endeavour. Nominations were sanctioned by the Governor General.   The Calgary Highlanders received an allotment of medals for award to deserving members who were deemed to have contributed significantly in various areas of endeavour.

In all, the Medal was awarded to approximately 42,000 highly esteemed Canadians from all walks of life, from every region of Canada, from varied ethno-cultural backgrounds and from a multitude of disciplines.

The recipients selected by The Calgary Highlanders are listed below:

Major Ray Ansell
Warrant Officer Kent Griffiths, CD
Sergeant Dennis Russell, CD
Master Corporal Fabio Lacentra
Corporal Walter Fritz
Private Martin Woods

The Commemorative Medal for the Centennial Anniversary of Confederation, 1967
This medal was issued to commemorate the Centennial of Canada’s Confederation in 1867, and was awarded to people recommended by governments and associations. The Canadian Forces were awarded almost 30% of the medals issued.  The medal was instituted on 01 July 1967, and 29,500 were issued, some 8,500 of which went to the Canadian Armed Forces.  Calgary Highlanders recipients included:.

Lieutenant Colonel (Retired) Mark Tennant, CM, ED, CD
Warrant Officer II Class Gordon Raffan, Pipes and Drums
Warrant Officer II Class Martin McCumber

Queen’s Jubilee Medals

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee Commemorative Medal

From the website of the Governor General:

A new commemorative medal was created to mark the 2012 celebrations of the 60th anniversary of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s accession to the Throne as Queen of Canada. The Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal is a tangible way for Canada to honour Her Majesty for her service to this country. At the same time, it serves to honour significant contributions and achievements by Canadians.

During the year of celebrations, 60 000 deserving Canadians will be recognized.

The Chancellery of Honours, as part of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General, administers the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal program.

Canadians in all walks of life were recognized by the award of the Diamond Jubilee medal, and serving soldiers of The Calgary Highlanders have been recognized via a number of routes. Nominations were put forward at the request of 41 Canadian Brigade Group to be recognized as part of the Canadian Forces’ official allotment of medals, and several members of the regimental family were also recognized for military and community-related work by organizations outside the military, as members of the community (civic groups, government officials, etc.) were also given allotments to distribute to deserving Canadians.

Two soldiers of The Calgary Highlanders were presented with the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal at the Army Ball in Ottawa in May 2012. On Remembrance Day (11 November 2012) The Calgary Highlanders presented an allotment of Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medals. Nominees were selected from across 41 Canadian Brigade Group in order to ensure fair distribution across the officer, warrant officer, and non-commissioned member populations, and deserving members were selected based on merit and relative contributions to both the military and their communities. Only serving members of the regiment were considered for these nominations. Three additional presentations were made at the Mens’ Christmas Dinner on 15 December 2012.

The complete list of serving soldiers of the The Calgary Highlanders who have been presented the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal is as follows (citations and other information is provided where known):

Lieutenant Colonel M.J. Owens, CD – Commanding Officer. LCol Owens has served in the Regiment as a junior leader and in all officer ranks from Officer Cadet to Lieutenant Colonel. His career has included an operational tour with UNPROFOR.
Major Simon Cox, CD Maj Cox has been employed as a junior and senior officer in the Regiment, and was Mentioned in Despatches for combat leadership in Afghanistan, the first Calgary Highlander to be so recognized since the Second World War.
Major K.W. Clapperton, CD – Deputy Commanding Officer. The nomination read: “For his dedication to the unit and community. His constant effort to bridge a working relationship between the Calgary Police services and the military community has allowed serving soldiers working in both fields the necessary time off to participate in unit training.”
Major R. Palmer Major Palmer was employed as the Officer Commanding “A” Company at the time of the award. The award was presented by the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta on 9 October 2012.
Captain A. Beauchamp The award was presented by the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta on 11 September 2012.
Captain P.J. Boyle Captain Boyle was employed as the Officer Commanding “HQ” Company as well as Regimental Museum Curator at the time of his award. The Lieutenant Governor of Alberta presented the award on 14 May 2012.
Captain K. Nettleton Captain Nettleton was employed as the Regimental Padre at the time of the award. The award was presented by the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta on 9 October 2012.
Captain S.A. Zivkow, CD – Adjutant and Regimental Support Staff. Captain Zivkow is a full time soldier of Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry. The nomination read: “For outstanding long term initiative, leadership and guidance, while deployed overseas with 1 PPCLI in Afghanistan 2009 and the short notice deployments to support the community during Winnipeg floods in 1997 and 2011.”
Chief Warrant Officer R.S. Besse, CD – Regimental Sergeant Major. The nomination stated: “For dedication to the unit and community, and constant effort to support the soldiers of his unit. His willingness at a drop of a hat to take time off work to greet returning soldiers from overseas defines what a true leader really is.”
Warrant Officer J. Boutin, CD WO Boutin, a Regular Force soldier from the Royal 22e Regiment, served as Regimental Support Staff and Ops and Training WO. The nomination stated: “For leadership and expertise beyond his rank. With years of experience and overseas deployments, he had provided the unit with extensive guidance and skills when planning unit activities. His devotion and attention is worthy of the highest praise.”
Master Warrant Officer G.R. Downey, CD – QMSI MWO Downey has served in the Calgary Highlanders since the 1970s and served as the Quartermaster Senior Instructor (QMSI) at the time of the award. The nomination stated: “For outstanding service to the unit and support to the cadet movement, volunteering his spare time to mentor local cadet corps in CF ethics and values, promoting a safe and meaningful environment for the cadets to foster friendship and teamwork.”
Master Warrant Officer C.T. Tucker, CD – Company Sergeant Major. MWO Tucker was employed as the Company Sergeant Major of “HQ” Company at the time of the award. A competitive player on the regimental hockey team, he has served on operational tours in the Balkans and Afghanistan. The nomination read: “For dedication to the unit and Canadian Forces, as he assisted in organizing a unit hockey team to foster soldier cohesion and through his civilian employment, to hire military members for those who redeployed from overseas and (were) having difficulty adjusting.”
Warrant Officer James R. MacDonald, CD
Sergeant Steven Klein, CD
Master Corporal S.D. McDermott MCpl McDermott was employed as a section commander with “A” Company at the time of his award. The nomination read: “For his dedication to the unit and Canadian Forces by volunteering for many domestic and overseas deployments throughout his career. His dedication to his fellow soldiers has inspired him to assist with CF disabled soldiers initiatives.”
Corporal R.J. Green Cpl Green was employed as a rifleman with “A” Company at the time of the award. The nomination read: “For outstanding dedication to the unit, Canadian Forces and community while balancing his pursuit of completing his degree, actively parading with the unit, and his volunteer work by feeding the homeless in Calgary.
Corporal A.M. Holloway Corporal Holloway was employed as a rifleman in “A” Company at the time she received her award. The nomination read: “For her dedication to the unit and community. Joining the Canadian Forces to make a difference, the values taught inspired her to give back to her community by becoming a Registered Nurse. Her female peers and others in the CF have emulated her ethics and values.”
Corporal A. Wasilewski Corporal Wasilewsi was employed as a rifleman in “A” Company at the time of his award. The nomination read: “For outstanding leadership and experience beyond his rank, promoting the Commanding Officer’s goals for physical fitness and volunteering his free time to conduct unit run fitness classes which resulted in fitter soldiers when the Battalion was deployed.”
Piper D. Mitchell Piper Mitchell, a volunteer with the Regimental Pipes and Drums, received his award from the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, on 9 October 2012.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee Commemorative Medal
The Commemorative Medal for the Golden Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is presented as a commemoration of the reign of Canada’s Sovereign, and the Colonel-In-Chief of the Calgary Highlanders.

The medal was presented in 2002-2003 to Canadians from all walks of life, including the military, and recipients were generally selected for outstanding service to the communities in which they lived or worked.

The recipients chosen by The Calgary Highlanders are listed below.  Coincidentally, Lieutenant King had also been the recipient of the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Medal, presented in 1977 to commemorate the 25th Anniversary of the reign of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Lieutenant Brian S. King, CD Sgt Michael Smith
Cpl Jamie Moreau, in the uniform of the Regimental hockey team, the Oak Leafs.

Sergeant Michael Smith, CD
Sergeant Anthony Poirier, CD
Corporal Jamie Moreau
Also included in the list of Calgary Highlanders awardees should be Captain Fiona McLean, who was presented with the Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal in June 1993 by Her Honour Lois Hole, Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Alberta.  The award reflected Captain McLean’s service to Her Honour as Aide-de-Camp (ADC).
Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal

This  medal was instituted on 6 February 1977, with most awards made that year, including 7,000 to the Canadian Forces (5,500 to the Regular Force and 1,500 to the Reserves).  Regular Force awards went to all serving General Officers, 50% of colonels, 25 percent of Lieutenant Colonels, 20 percent of majors, and 5 percent to captains and lieutenants (or equivalent ranks in the naval service) with 4,000 awards going to other ranks (50 percent of Chief Warrant Officers, 25 percent of MWOs, 15 percent of WOs, 5 percent of sergeants, 5 percent of master corporals, and 5 percent of corporals).

In the Reserves, Commanding Officers were permitted to use their discretion in selecting medal recipients.  In the Calgary Highlanders, those recipients included:

Honourary Lieutenant Colonel Mark Tennant, CM, ED, CD
Lieutenant Colonel S E Blakely 
(DCO of Southern Alberta Militia District)
Sergeant Brian S. King

Alberta Centennial Commemoratives

The Alberta Centennial Medal
The Alberta Centennial Medal celebrated Alberta’s first 100 years by paying tribute to Albertans whose achievements benefited their fellow citizens, their community and their province.  To ensure that the medal was inclusive and recognized a diversity of contributions, the criteria for nominations were broad. The medal could be awarded to living men, women and youth who:

* made significant contributions to their fellow citizens, their community and to Alberta, and
* were Canadian citizens that resided in, or have resided in, Alberta.

Approximately 8,000 medals were awarded to outstanding Albertans. Representatives from provincial organizations, governments and other groups were asked to make nominations.

The Ribbon
The colours of the medal’s ribbon symbolize Alberta’s spirit and strengths. Blue and gold, Alberta’s provincial colours are most prominent in the ribbon. All the colours in the ribbon are taken from Alberta’s official emblems and heraldry.

Blue – clear skies and sparkling lakes
Gold – wheat fields and resource wealth
Green – forests
White – mountains
Pink – wild rose

At right, Lieutenant Governor Norman L. Kwong with Second Lieutenant Gavin S. Mills, holding his award.

Two Calgary Highlanders received this award from Lieutenant Governor Norman L. Kwong on 8 November 2005:

Captain Fiona McLean
Second Lieutenant Gavin Mills

Captain Fiona McLean, retired Major Dick Westbury, and Second Lieutenant Gavin Mills
on 8 November 2005.

Three Calgary Highlanders also received this award at the Men’s Christmas Dinner on 17 December 2005:

Warrant Officer Gerald Downey
Sergeant Dennis Russell
Corporal Michael Dorosh

Also presented the award at seperate ceremonies were

Lieutenant Colonel F. Lee Villiger (Staff, 41st Canadian Brigade Group)
Chief Warrant Officer Kent Griffiths (Brigade RSM, 41 Canadian Brigade Group)

About Us

About Us

Since 1910, the Regiment has served in Calgary, sending soldiers overseas during both World Wars, on numerous UN peacekeeping and NATO missions since the end of the Second World War, and deployed over 125 soldiers into the combat theatre during the war in Afghanistan.

Members of the regiment today are part-time “citizen-soldiers”, who spend Wednesday nights and one weekend a month training to operate as dismounted light infantry.

Find out more about the Regiment – its history, its traditions, what it has been doing recently, or how to enlist.

Explore Our Past

The Calgary Highlanders have been an institution in the City of Calgary since inception in 1910.  The menus at left will help visitors navigate through the detailed history of the Regiment in its many incarnations. Lets explore the rich past of the Calgary Highlanders

Explore

Upcoming Events

71st Grand Highland Military Ball

February 29 @ 6:00 PM - March 1 @ 12:00 AM

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