The War in Afghanistan has been compared to the Boer War by a number of historians and writers. 1 From the perspective of the Canadian Army there are a number of parallels. Canadian participation in the Boer War (1899-1902) took the form of a small national contingent as part of a larger foreign expeditionary force. Only a small number of Canadian “regular” units participated, which were heavily augmented with soldiers from reserve (“Militia”) units across the country. Following the war, battle honours were bestowed to those reserve units based on the number of volunteers they had sent forward for overseas service. Participation by Canadians reserve units such as The Calgary Highlanders in the War in Afghanistan followed a very similar pattern, and individual augmentees to the Regular Force were an important and ongoing source of manpower during what became the longest armed conflict in Canada’s history.