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Photos - 1st Battalion, 1939-1945
All photos are thumbnailed, click to enlarge

Route March in Calgary, probably April 1940.   Marching was a form of training that didn't require equipment the Regiment didn't have.  The Pipes and Drums are clad in ceremonial dress, and wear the Royal Stewart Tartan.  Upon arrival in England, the battalion was politely reminded that only Royal Regiments are permitted to wear that tartan. p10632.jpg (33521 bytes)
Before departing the city in the spring of 1940, the First Battalion, Calgary Highlanders, laid up their stand of Colours in the Church of the Redeemer in downtown Calgary.

The two Colours consisted of a King's Colour, shown here at left, and a Regimental Colour, at right. The Regimental Colour was emblazoned with Battle Honours earned by the unit's predecessor, the Tenth Battalion, during the Great War.

Lieutenant Colonel J. Fred Scott is shown at left, wearing tartan riding pants and a balmoral.  The Major holding the Regimental Colour, D.G. MacLauchlan, would later command the battalion in combat, earning the Distinguished Service Order for his leadership at Clair Tizon in the summer of 1944.

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House clearing drills in England.  The Calgary Highlanders performed a lot of specialized training in England before moving to the Continent in July 1944; while their stormboat training may not have been useful, house to house fighting did take place in a number of locations.  The most notable city fight was Groningen in the last weeks of the war; by then many of the veterans who had trained in England had been killed or invalided out of the battalion. p901.jpg (40112 bytes)
Calgary Highlanders posing for the camera in England with "newly acquired automatic weapons."  Visible are both the Bren Light Machine Gun and the Thompson Submachine Gun.  Both were issued in large quantities after arrival in the United Kingdom, and every 10 man section of infantry had one of each type of weapon.  The Thompsons were replaced by the Sten Gun after the Dieppe Raid of August 1942.  Needless to say, the photo does not portray actual training conditions (the men wear no equipment and are far too close together). pa10345.jpg (15600 bytes)
Training in England; an infantry section crosses a wooden fence while directing staff hover in the background.  The battalion was constantly assessed and re-assessed by their own officers, as well as brigade and divisional level officers, in order to better guide their training. p10324.jpg (19644 bytes)
Pipe-Major Neil Sutherland talks to former Prime Minister and Honourary Colonel R.B Bennett, in England on 12 February 1943.  The Pipe Band took their full ceremonial dress with them to the United Kingdom.  Officer in greatcoat in centre of photo wears the Second Division patch on his sleeve with a gold wire "C-II" device.  Officer at right has a decal on the left side of his helmet, in the pattern of the red and white dicing found on the glengarry. p10372.jpg (37660 bytes)
Another photo taken the same day as above, showing former Prime Minister R.B. Bennett inspecting the battalion.  Rifles are also of the same pattern used in World War One; the Number I Mark III would be replaced by the Number 4 Mark I during 1943.  The inspection was considered a "great day for the Battalion" by the War Diarist, and preparations for the event appear to have been extensive. p10358.jpg (54910 bytes)
After the inspection, a march-past was conducted through the town of Bognor. p9780.jpg (49646 bytes)
Aboard an amphibious assault craft in Seaford, England. The officer in front wears a woollen hat called a "cap comforter", and per regimental dress regulations, a regimental striped necktie in the colours of the 2nd Battalion, The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's). p9045.jpg (33963 bytes)
A member of the Calgary Highlanders poses beside a French-made Char tank in France in the summer of 1944. Germany made extensive use of captured French armour during the Second World War, though usually in second-line units. The Calgary Highlanders faced a mix of second line division and fanatic SS troops in their earliest battles in Normandy. p1028.jpg (11189 bytes)
A funeral service in Holland.  During the war, temporary wooden crosses were used to mark service graves, as shown in the centre of the photo.  After the war, permanent markers such as those shown at bottom were used in the permanent war graves, as overseen by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.   The permanent markers in the photograph are from the First World War. p10343.jpg (50867 bytes)

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