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Current Awards:  Victoria Cross OMM/MMM MSM (Cdn) MiD    
Former Awards: Imp.Honours & Foreign DSO MC DCM MSM (Brit) MM 
Service Awards: United Nations NATO Foreign Volunteer Long  
Commemoratives: Confederation Jubilee Provincial      
Calgary Highlanders on NATO Missions
Note from the webmaster - these listings are very incomplete.  Over 200 Calgary Highlanders have served on UN and NATO missions since 1992.  The Regiment takes great pride in the personal sacrifices made by each and every soldier to have volunteered for these missions in the service of Peace.  If you are a Calgary Highlander and have served overseas, or know of anyone who is not listed here and should be, please contact the webmaster so that this list can be made as complete as possible. Please contact the webmaster at the address listed on the first page of this site and please include first name, last name, rank (at time of tour), name of mission, unit served with, name of OP/Roto # and approximate dates of service.  Corrections to the existing listing below are also gratefully accepted.

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North Atlantic Treaty Organziation (NATO) Medal  for Former Yugoslavia



Canadian troops first went to the Balkans in February 1992 as part of UNPROFOR, to protect non-combatants during the conflicts in the former Republic of Yugoslavia. Negotiations conducted at Dayton, Ohio resulted in signing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace at Paris, on 14 Dec 1995 and NATO entered Bosnia-Herzegovina with the 60,000-strong Implementation Force (IFOR) to ensure compliance by all parties.   This was the largest military operation ever undertaken by NATO.   When IFOR's one year mandate ended, the Mission subsequently became SFOR, totalling 12,000 troops and including 1220 Canadian Forces soldiers and over 170 Canadian civilians.

SFOR's mission was to maintain a safe and secure environment for the citizens of the former Yugoslavia and to promote peace in the region.  The overall Canadian contribution to SFOR was named Operation PALLADIUM.   CF units deploying for PALLADIUM served six-month tours, known as rotations or "Rotos."   The first Roto deployed to the region in 1996.  The Canadian area of responsibility in the northwest corner of Bosnia-Herzegovina was a rugged, mountainous area of about 6,000 square kilometres, or larger  than Prince Edward Island.

The main activity of Canadian soldiers has been patrolling towns, villages and countryside, in order to:

  • enforce compliance with the Dayton Accords;
  • locate and seize illegal weapons;
  • monitor weapon-storage sites;
  • monitor displaced persons and refugees;
  • support the activities of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the European Union Police Monitors (EUPM); and
  • promote civil-military co-operation.

Canadian troops in theatre also participated in Canadian and multinational exercises to both demonstrate SFOR capabilities and develop interoperability with allies.

Since 1992, more than 40,000 Canadians have served in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and twenty-four Canadians have been killed while serving in the region.

This medal was awarded for thirty days continuous or accumulated service on the land, at sea or in the air spaces of the Former Yugoslavia, Albania, the Former Republic of Macedonia, and the Adriatic Sea (the theatre of operations); or ninety days continuous or accumulated service, in the territories of Italy, Greece, Hungary and Austria, in direct support of the NATO operations in the Former Yugoslavia (the adjacent area).

Tour numerals are worn on the ribbon for each additional 180 days service in the theatre of operations (or 540 days service in the adjacent area defined above)

Eligibility for this medal started on 15 Dec 1995 and ended 31 Dec 2002. The medal was replaced by the Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for Operations in the Balkans on 1 Jan 2003.

The tour numerals are Arabic script and made of bronze.

Recipients from the Calgary Highlanders have included:

Corporal Rob Jackson
Served with 3 PPCLI 1996-1997

Roto 11 - 1 PPCLI Battle Group, Sep 2002 - Mar 2003

The Calgary Highlanders were able to send a formed unit over as part of this Roto, known within the Calgary Highlanders as the "CRIC Platoon" and belonging to the CRIC (Composite Reserve Infantry Company) made up of reservists.  The CRIC Platoon was able to train together as a sub-unit even before pre-deployment training with the PPCLI, and were the first soldiers in the Calgary Highlanders to receive issue of the new CADPAT uniform in anticipation of their operational deployment.  The CRIC Platoon were also among the large number of forces tasked with security at the G8 Summit in Kananaskis.

In the Balkans, the Battle Group as a whole had a very successful tour, marked by over 3300 vehicle and foot patrols in varied terrain, and the confiscation of hundreds of weapons and thousands of rounds of ammunition.  Focused security operations countered threats to peace and stability and built public confidence, while the Battle Group also supported refugee returns through the completion of fifteen community improvement projects.  These projects provided schools, water treatment, electricity, and sanitary services to some of the most disadvantaged areas of Bosnia.  Canadian soldiers completed a census providing critical information on over 8000 inhabitants to local government and aid agencies. Local government and public institutions became active and effective bodies during the mission and for the first time the Battle Group aided in developing the local economy by stimulating job creation.

Captain Simon Cox
Warrant Officer Terry Afflick
Sergeant Chris Tucker
Master Corporal Sergio Aburto
Master Corporal Malenfant
Corporal Bird
Corporal Kristopher Dodd
Corporal Kendall
Corporal Jamie Moreau
Corporal Peters
Corporal Poonwah
Corporal Morton-Popiel
Corporal Prins
Corporal Joel Rhodes
Corporal Squirrel
Private Costin
Private Emslie
Private Knight
Private Lukie
Private Patton

Also with Roto 11 was

Chief Warrant Officer Byron Fletcher, CD


Photos by Corporal Joel Rhodes
Click to Enlarge

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Corporal Joel Rhodes and Sergeant Chris Tucker

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Corporal Rhodes beside an SFOR marked Iltis.
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Unidentified soldier, Corporal Kristopher Dodd and Corporal Joel Rhodes.

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Non-Article 5 NATO Medal for Operations in the Balkans

Awarded for thirty days continuous or accumulated service on the land or in the air spaces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslavia (including Kosovo), Albania, and the Former Republic of Macedonia, starting the 1 Jan 2003.  This medal replaced NATO medals for the Former-Yugoslavia, Kosovo and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

With the creation of this medal, NATO abolished the practice of issuing tour numerals to recognize more than one tour with NATO forces. The “NON ARTICLE FIVE” medal is now issued once to recognize all service in the Balkans, regardless of the number of tours a member serves.

The medal also no longer recognizes service in support areas such as Italy, Greece, Hungary and Austria and a member must serve thirty days in the theatre of operations to qualify for this medal.


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Sergeant Dave Melcher
(In the summer of 2000, Sergeant Melcher served as a helicopter gunner with 408 Tactical Helicopter Squadron)

Roto 12 - 2 PPCLI Battle Group (April 2003 - September 2003)

Major Warren Spaan, CD - National Command Element
Warrant Officer James R. MacDonald, CD
- "D" Company, 2 PPCLI
Warrant Officer Martin Woods, CD - Multi National Brigade, Northwest
Corporal Pat Laramee
- "D" Company, 2 PPCLI
Corporal Rob Jackson
- "D" Company, 2 PPCLI
Corporal Daniel Decorby
- "D" Company, 2 PPCLI
Private Yuan Tao -
- "D" Company, 2 PPCLI

Operation Bronze and Operation Boreas

Canadians participating as part of the NATO force in the Balkans (and serving in Sarajevo) became known as Operation Bronze; other Canadians in theatre were changed to EUFOR after the end of SFOR's mandate, and referred to as Operation Boreas.

Roto 0 - 2004

Captain Louis Marselje, CD - Multi National Brigade, Northwest
Captain Fiona G. McLean, CD
- Multi National Brigade, Northwest

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Special Service Medal

The Special Service Medal was created to recognize CF members who performed a service determined to be under exceptional circumstances, in a clearly defined locality for a specified duration, from 11 June 1984 to present (including service begun before that date still ongoin on 11 June 1984).  The Medal is always issued with a Bar that specifies the special service being recognized, each bar having its own criteria.  No device is worn on the ribbon in undress for a single bar; two or more bars are indicated as shown below.  The bars (listed by the bilingual names which physically appear on the bar itself) include:


An aggregate of 180 days of honourable service within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) area of responsibility since its beginning on 1 Jan 1951 and still continuing. Qualifying service is service while posted to a NATO unit, or to a Canadian Forces or allied formation or unit outside territorial limits of Canada under the operational control of a NATO headquarters, or in Canada on an operational staff directly participating in the operational control of such formations and units. In the latter case, only those staff personnel serving in an operations room directly participating in the control of ships and aircraft in NATO operations and exercises qualify for this service.   Not all time served in Europe nor at sea can be counted towards this bar.

This bar is of most relevance to the Calgary Highlanders, as several members may in fact be qualified for it.  The Regiment provided augmentees to 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, which was stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany during the Cold War.  This brigade, the best equipped and most combat capable brigade in the Canadian Army, trained with the full intent of facing massive Warsaw Pact assaults into Western Europe.  During the 1980s, many Highlanders would do "fly overs" to what was then known as West Germany to participate in NATO exercises as part of the brigade group.  Calculation of time served has been administratively challenging.

PAKISTAN 1989 - 90

A minimum of 90 days service with the Mine Awareness and Clearance Training Program in Pakistan, during the period beginning on 15 Mar 1989 and ending on 29 Jul 1990, under the auspices of the United Nations.  This award was subsequently replaced by the United Nations Special Service Medal and recipients of this bar may exchange it for his medal instead.


An aggregate of 180 days of honourable service on the posted strength of Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert, or of honourable service with a military force operationally deployed to or at CFS Alert, since it began its operation on 1 Sep 1958 and still continuing. Units deployed at CFS Alert include such detachments as aircrew flying into the station for re-supply missions.


An aggregate of 180 days of honourable service in peacekeeping operations, from Nov 1947 (the beginning of international peacekeeping operations) to 21 Jun 2001. It was issued for service which had not been recognized by any other award in, or accepted into, the Canadian Honours system at the time.  On 21 Jun 2001, this award was replaced by the CPSM (Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal).


An aggregate of 30 days of honourable service performed outside Canada since 11 Jun 1984 in support of any humanitarian operation, conducted in response to a disaster or human conflict, set out in the schedule, including rescue, relief and reconstruction operations, provided the service has not been acknowledged by the award of any other honour that is part of or is recognized by the Canadian Honours System.


An aggregate of four years of honourable service as a Canadian Ranger, performing the duties of providing a military presence in support of Canadian sovereignty including reporting unusual activities, collecting local data of significance to support military operations, providing local expertise, assistance and advice, as guide and advisor, in search and rescue activities, and completion of a minimum of three Ranger Patrol Exercises, within Canada or its territorial and contiguous waters since 1947.

ribbonssmbar2.gif (1487 bytes) Where the undress ribbon is worn, a silver maple leaf is worn to denote a second bar.
ribbonssmbar3.gif (1500 bytes) Where the undress ribbon is worn, a gold maple leaf is worn to denote a third bar.
ribbonssmbar4.gif (1479 bytes) Where the undress ribbon is worn, a red maple leaf is worn to denote a fourth bar and any subsequent bars.


The information on this website is intended for a specific audience within a defined geographic area and therefore all content appears in English only.