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Current Awards:  Victoria Cross OMM/MMM MSM (Cdn) MiD    
Former Awards: Imp.Honours & Foreign DSO MC DCM MSM (Brit) MM 
Service Awards: United Nations NATO Foreign Volunteer Long  
Commemoratives: Confederation Jubilee Provincial      

Medals for Long Service and Good Conduct

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Canadian Forces Decoration (CD)
1949 - Present

Long serving soldiers of the Calgary Highlanders are recognized by the award of the Canadian Forces Decoration.  This medal was created in December 1949 and first issued in 1951, replacing a wide array of previous decorations that were specific to certain branches or rank groups only.  The CD has always been available to any member of the Canadian Forces regardless of rank, service or branch.  The requirement for award of the medal is 12 years of service, the last eight of which must be marked by an unblemished record of good conduct.

The Calgary Highlanders generally award this decoration at important functions at which the majority of the Regiment is in attendance, so the recipient may be rewarded in front of his peers.   The medal is awarded with a presentation case, and the soldier's name and rank are engraved on the edge of the medal.

On average approximately 7,500 presentations of the CD are made per year within the Canadian Armed Forces as a whole.

Additional periods of 10 years are marked by the addition of a bar to the medal; when the full medal is worn, this metal bar (called a "clasp" in reference to this particular decoration) is worn on the ribbon.   In "undress", when only the ribbon is worn, the clasp actually takes the form of a metal rosette.

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Chief Warrant Officer Martin McCumber, MMM, CD, is notable for having been awarded three clasps to his CD for his service as a Calgary Highlander.
An unofficial practice has been taken up in some quarters in using the postnominal "CD1" to refer to a holder of the Canadian Forces Decoration with Clasp, "CD2" to represent a CD holder with 2 clasps, etc.  This is not correct and is not permitted by regulation.  The only approved and recognized post-nominal is "CD" regardless of the number of clasps held.

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Efficiency Decoration (ED)
1931 - 1949

This medal was awarded for twenty years of "meritorious service" in the Non-Permanent Active Militia (as the Reserve Army was known before 1940).  Only officers of the NPAM (or RCAF Auxiliary and Reserve) were eligible for this award.  Wartime service counted as double towards the award criteria.  For officers commissioned from the ranks, half the time they spent as a non-commissioned soldier could counted towards this award.   This medal was issued between 1931 and 1949, when it was replaced with the CD described above.   Bars would be awarded for each additional 20 years of service. 

Approximately 3,700 awards were made.

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Canadian Efficiency Medal
1931 - 1949

The non-commissioned soldier's counterpart to the ED was the Canadian Efficiency Medal, award for 12 years service to Warrant Officers, NCOs and Men serving in the reserve services (sea, land and air) of Canada.  The medal was awarded from 23 September 1931 until replaced by the Canadian Forces Decoration in 1949.  Every six additional years of service was recognized by a bar to the medal.  There was no post-nominal associated with the award.

During the reign of King George V, some 1,600 awards of the medal were made; 10,600 under King George VI, and 450 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II (the Canadian Forces Decoration was not awarded to those enlisting before 1 September 1939).  Additionally, in total there were some 3,200 first bars awarded (recognizing 18 years of service), 845 second bars (24 years), 140 third bars (30 years), 18 fourth bars (36 years) and 3 soldiers were recognized for 42 years service by the award of a fifth Bar to their Efficiency Medal.

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Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration (VD)
1901 - 1931

The predecessor of the ED was the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration (carrying with it the now ominous-sounding post-nominal "VD").

This medal was issued to officers (only) of the Non-Permanent Active Militia, for twenty years of "meritorious service."  The medal was awarded from 4 February 1901 to 31 December 1931, after which time it was replaced by the Efficiency Decoration.  A bar would be awarded for twenty additional years of service.

During the reign of Queen Victoria, 850 awards were made to Canadians; 250 during the reign of King Edward VII and 1,660 awards during the reign of King George V.

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Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal
1902 - 1931

The non-commissioned soldier's counterpart to the VD was the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal.  This award did not come with a post-nominal.  Non-commissioned reservists in the land, air and naval forces of Canada were entitled to this award, issued from 4 February 1902 to 23 September 1931, for 20 years service (with war service counting double).  There was no provision for additional awards after twenty years (ie no Bar to this medal).

During the reign of Queen Victoria, 1,350 awards were made to Canadians; 750 during the reign of King Edward VII, and over 4,300 awards during the reign of King George V.  

This award was superceded by Canadian Efficiency Medal.


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