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Current Awards:  Victoria Cross OMM/MMM MSM (Cdn) MiD    
Former Awards: Imp.Honours & Foreign DSO MC DCM MSM (Brit) MM 
Service Awards: United Nations NATO Foreign Volunteer Long  
Commemoratives: Confederation Jubilee Provincial      

Medals, Decorations and Orders

The difference between Medals, Decorations and Orders is subtle, yet distinct. Calgary Highlanders have been rewarded for their service both while serving with the Regiment directly, while attached to other units, and of course after leaving the Regiment for other duties. One Calgary Highlander has even reached the highest possible military rank in the land, that of General, when A.J.G.D. DeChastelain was appointed Chief of the Defence Staff, and in fact served for an unprecedented two terms of office.

The Canadian military issued British awards almost exclusively up to 1967, when a Canadian honours system was instituted to replace some of the former awards with those of Canadian design.

Order: dating back to ancient fraternal orders, membership in modern orders is usually signified by insignia in the form of a distinctive medal and coloured ribbon. Membership is often organized into classes. The most widely recognized order in Canada is the appropriately named Order of Canada, to which one may be named a Companion, Officer, or Member. The military has its own order, the Order of Military Merit, to which several Calgary Highlanders have been admitted. Before the reorganization of the Canadian Honours system at the time of Unification of the Armed Forces and the Centennial anniversary of Confederation, admission into British Orders was not uncommon; before 1919 these sometimes carried with them the additional benefits of knighthood. After 1919, Canadians have generally been excluded from acceptance of British honours carrying with them titles and rank.

Decoration: taking the form of a medal and coloured ribbon, those designated as "decorations" are generally awarded for either bravery or exceptional merit, though some decorations (such as the Canadian Forces Decoration) may be awarded for long service and/or good conduct. While taking the form of a medal, certain

Medal: a metal medallion with coloured ribbon, medals are struck for many purposes; most commonly as insignia commemorating service in a particular theatre or campaign. Commemorative medals are often routinely struck and awarded according to varying criteria.


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