103rd Regiment 1910-21
10th Battalion 1914-19
St. Julien

 Apr 1915


 May 1915


Sep 1916

Vimy Ridge

Apr 1917

Hill 70

Aug 1917


Aug 1918

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Hill 67

19 Jul 44

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12 Aug 44


8 Sep 44


22 Sep 44

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2 Oct 44

South Beveland

14 Oct 44

Walcheren Causeway

31 Oct 44


 14 Apr 45


26 Apr 45

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18 Platoon
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"A" Company - Jun 1944
"A" Coy Jun 44 Casualties
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Sketch History 1915

The following is a very basic sketch outline of history of the 10th Battalion which will be embellished in greater detail on other pages of this website.

12 January 10th Battalion ordered to join the 2nd Brigade when the 6th Battalion is reorganized as a cavalry reinforcement unit.
20 January 10th Battalion moves from Sling Plantation to the winter quarters of the Second Brigade at Lark Hill.

One of the few dry days during the 10th Battalion's stay in the United Kingdom; the battalion passes Stonehenge in 1914.
(Library and Archives Canada photo)

21 January Battalion reorganized again into four companies; the unit would keep this organization for the rest of the war.
25 January Battalion formally comes under command of the 2nd Canadian Brigade
26 January First field exercise as unit of the 2nd Brigade
January After two months of discussion, the band of the 6th Battalion - originally belonging to the 106th Winnipeg Light Infantry - is transferred to the 10th Battalion.
4 February Second royal review of the 10th Battalion; entire Division inspected by His Majesty King George V, Her Majesty Queen Mary, and Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War.
7 February Battalion ordered to move to France
9 February All Canadian issued infantry equipment replaced with British pattern; battalion still using Canadian uniforms and Ross Rifles.
10 February Battalion moves by train to Avonmouth, then boards the steamer Kingstonian
11 February Kingstonian sails for France.
14 February Kingstonian - after run aground on a sandbar - finally drifts free and arrives in St. Nazaire
15 February 10th Battalion disembarks and begins 43 hour journey to Borre, in French Flanders, by way of Lemans and Hazebrouck
20 February Inspection by Sir John French, Commander in Chief of the British Expeditionary Force.  First Canadian Division assigned to III Corps of Second Army.
21-28 February Second Brigade attached to British 4th Division near Armentieres and Ploegsteert
25 February First fatal casualty occurs when 39 year old Private Wilson Davis is killed in action; the first of more than 4500 battle casualties to be suffered by the Battalion during the war.
1 March Move to Armentieres and billets at Bac-Saint-Maur
2 March Address by General Officer Commanding the Canadian Division, General Alderson, advising the division that it would soon be joining IV Corps in the First Army.  Battalion moved to billets in Fleurbaix.
5-6 March First tour in front-line trenches, near La Boutillarie.
10 March Battalion stands to arms as British launch their first major offensive of the war, at Neuve Chapelle.
14 March 10th Battalion relieved by the 8th Battalion.   Move to rest area at Fleurbaix for four days.
18 March Return to front line positions for another four-day tour.
22 March Move to billets in Fleurbaix.
24 March Move to Estaires.
30 March Intensive training programme begun in entrenching, route marches, physical training, and practice attacks.
5 April Battalion leaves Estaires to Abelle, in Belgian Flanders.
10 April Inspection by both GOC of Canadian Division, and General Smith Dorrien, commander of the British Second Army.  Canadian Division now moving to relived French 11th Corps and move to the left flank of the V Corps.
14 April Battalion moves into the Ypres Salient, moving by bus into Vlamertinghe then marching through Ypres and into the front lines near St. Julien and Wieltje.
15 April First full day in the line.
17 April General Alderson formally takes command of the sector manned by the Canadian Division.
19-20 April 10th Battalion relieved in front line positions by 5th Battalion, marches to Ypres to become brigade reserve.
20 April Ypres shelled.
21 April Battalion moves to a farm on northern outskirts of Ypres as shelling of town continues.
22 April Massive German attack on Ypres Salient; two French Divisions routed.  First Canadian Division called to seal gap; 10th and 16th Battalions launch counter-attack on Kitchener's Wood in the first Canadian offensive action of the war. 
23 April Lieutenant Colonel Boyle wounded in attack on Kitchener's Wood.  Heavy fighting and German counter-attacks. 
24-27 April Continuous fighting and German attacks on the Canadian line from St. Julien to Gravenstafel.
25 April Lieutenant Colonel Boyle dies in hospital.
27 April Battalion withdraws across the Canal l'Yser.   Some 718 officers and men became casualties, of 816 men to cross the start line on 22 April - 1/6 of the battalion's total casualties for the entire war.
28 April Battalion rebuilt with large draft of over 350 officers and men from England, as well as two hundred men originally left out of battle.   Battalion assigned to guard duty on the Canal l'Yser.
5 May Battalion leaves the Ypres Salient for billets in Baileul and absorbs another large draft of reinforcements.
7 May Some 149 veterans of the battalion, who had armed themselves with British Lee Enfields, are re-equipped once more with the controversial Ross rifle.
9 May Inspection by General Alderson. French attack but fail to seize Vimy Ridge.  British attack Festubert.
11 May Training resumes.
14 May Battalion marches to Robecq.
17 May Battalion moves to Locon to crowded billets.
18 May Move to Le Touret.  Canadian 3rd Brigade attacks Canadian Orchard as part of Festubert battle.
19 May 10th Battalion, with rest of 2nd Brigade, moves into the line next to the 3rd Brigade.
20 May Second Brigade ordered to attack K.5 (German strongpoint) on short notice.  Attack by 10th Battalion costly and ineffective.
21 May 10th Battalion ordered into second attack on K.5.  Half of battalion attack successful in clearing Germans out of defences.
22 May Germans launch four separate counterattacks.
25 May After four days in the German trenches, Battalion relieved by dismounted soldiers of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade and moves to Le Hamel for six days of rest.
28 May Major Dan Ormond assumes temporary command of the Battalion.
29 May Inspection by General Currie
1 June Battalion relieves a battalion of the 17th City of London Regiment in front line positions near Givenchy, spends five days in the trenches.
2 June Lieutenant Colonel Rattray assumes command of the Battalion.
6 June Move to billets in Hinges.  During the week, the battalion traded in the Ross Rifles for British Lee Enfields.
14 June Inspection by General Alderson.
17 June Move to La Preol.
19 June Relieved the 2nd Royal Warwickshires in the vicinity of Givenchy. 
24 June Relieved from trench duty, but instead of resting, the Battalion marched for three days to Ploegsteert, from Bethune to Estaires on the night 24/25 June to Stangy on 25/26 June.  Into reserve trenches at Hill 63.
30 June Two companies into the front lines; most of July would be spent in these positions.
July Most of month spent in trenches.
31 July Battalion has spend 44 days without rest, either working behind the lines, or occupying front line trenches.  Only 14 casualties for the month but stress from shelling and constant exposure having its toll.
6 August Battalion finally relieved. 
7 August Battalion numbers only 429 men of all ranks; many losses due to sickness.  A draft of 212 men posted to the battalion the same day.  Three days of rest.
10 August Battalion back into the trenches for a five day tour.
15 August Out of trenches.  During period between tours, units of Second Brigade inspected by the French Minister of War, Etienne Alexandre Millerand, including two companies of the 10th Battalion.
20 August Back to trenches for five day tour.
25 August Out of trenches.
30 August Return to the trenches.
4 September Battalion relieved in the trenches; first front-line trench tour since arrival in France in February in which not a single casualty was suffered.  Battalion moved to rest area.
7 September Inspection by General Sir Herbert Plumer, commander of the Second Army. 
10 September Back to trenches.
13 September For the first time in history, a Canadian Corps headquarters is activated in the field, with the arrival in France of the 2nd Canadian Division.  Major shakeup in command positions of 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, and the Canadian Corps itself is taken over by General Alderson, former commander of the 1st Division.
14 September Relieved in front line trenches.
19 September Return to front line trenches.
24 September Relief from front line trenches, move to rear for five days for rest and working parties.
29 September Return to front line trenches.
4 October Relieved, moved to brigade reserve and both day and night working parties.
9 October Back to front line trenches.
13 October Battalion takes part in demonstration mounted along front of entire Second Army, involving use of smoke bombs to simulate an attack to gauge German reaction.
14 October Relieved, moved to divisional reserve and two days of rest.
16 October Intensive training period, practice on assaulting trenches.
19 October Return to front line trenches for five day tour.
24 October Battalion relieved in heavy mist, moved to Brigade reserve.
27 October King George V inspects the Canadian Corps; 50 men and 3 officers selected to represent the 10th Battalion.
29 October Return to front line trenches.
3 November Relieved, four days of rest.
7 November Battalion parades to Divisional baths at Bulford Camp for showers and delousing.
8 November Return to front line trenches.
13 November Relief by 7th Battalion.
18 November To front line trenches to relieve 7th Battalion.
23 November Relieved and moved from front line trenches for almost a month.
24 November Move from Divisional to Corps Reserve. Depart Bulford Camp and move to Bailleul.
26 November Training ongoing until 7 December includes PT, section, platoon and company drill, route marches, and practicing company attacks.
11 December Return to 1st Division's Bulford Camp.
16 December Return to front line trenches.  Five day tours are now extended to six days.
22 December Relieved by 7th Battalion, moved to brigade reserve.
27 December Baths, followed by return to trenches.
31 December Attempts by German soldiers to fraternize on New Year's Eve rebuffed.

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